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THEN sank they to sleep. With sorrow one bought his rest of the evening,—as ofttime had happened when Grendel guarded that golden hall, evil wrought, till his end drew nigh, slaughter for sins. ’Twas seen and told how an avenger survived the fiend, as was learned afar. The livelong time after that grim fight, Grendel’s mother, monster of women, mourned her woe. She was doomed to dwell in the dreary waters, cold sea-courses, since Cain cut down with edge of the sword his only brother, his father’s offspring: outlawed he fled, marked with murder, from men’s delights warded the wilds.—There woke from him such fate-sent ghosts as Grendel, who, war-wolf horrid, at Heorot found a warrior watching and waiting the fray, with whom the grisly one grappled amain. But the man remembered his mighty power, the glorious gift that God had sent him, in his Maker’s mercy put his trust for comfort and help: so he conquered the foe, felled the fiend, who fled abject, reft of joy, to the realms of death, mankind’s foe. And his mother now, gloomy and grim, would go that quest of sorrow, the death of her son to avenge. To Heorot came she, where helmeted Danes slept in the hall. Too soon came back old ills of the earls, when in she burst, the mother of Grendel. Less grim, though, that terror, e’en as terror of woman in war is less, might of maid, than of men in arms when, hammer-forged, the falchion hard, sword gore-stained, through swine of the helm, crested, with keen blade carves amain. Then was in hall the hard-edge drawn, the swords on the settles, and shields a-many firm held in hand: nor helmet minded nor harness of mail, whom that horror seized. Haste was hers; she would hie afar and save her life when the liegemen saw her. Yet a single atheling up she seized fast and firm, as she fled to the moor. He was for Hrothgar of heroes the dearest, of trusty vassals betwixt the seas, whom she killed on his couch, a clansman famous, in battle brave.—Nor was Beowulf there; another house had been held apart, after giving of gold, for the Geat renowned.— Uproar filled Heorot; the hand all had viewed, blood-flecked, she bore with her; bale was returned, dole in the dwellings: ’twas dire exchange where Dane and Geat were doomed to give the lives of loved ones. Long-tried king, the hoary hero, at heart was sad when he knew his noble no more lived, and dead indeed was his dearest thane. To his bower was Beowulf brought in haste, dauntless victor. As daylight broke, along with his earls the atheling lord, with his clansmen, came where the king abode waiting to see if the Wielder-of-All would turn this tale of trouble and woe. Strode o’er floor the famed-in-strife, with his hand-companions,—the hall resounded,— wishing to greet the wise old king, Ingwines’ lord; he asked if the night had passed in peace to the prince’s mind. yTeh ewtn to epesl, hhutog neo of mteh uldwo ont awke. Seenomo aws skignee ngeerev fro edlrGen’s adhet. peDe tinwih eht maspw, dGeerln’s rhmote adh enbe innurgom reh nso dna itagwin rof gneacvnee. eSh adh eben eoddmo to ivle in eth mwpas vere niesc Cnia ilekld lbAe adn wsa shaedbni by Gdo. iCna swa eth fhtera of naym ivle taessb, cigdnunli Genlred, howm ervba ewulfoB dah dlleki ihtw teh ehpl of dGo. dAn nwo nlredeG’s hetmro, vernid by rrsoow adn areg, saw gnmoic for tehm. eSh ceam to erHoto, ewehr hte aDnes rwee elipnegs. Seh burst in iwht a omwna’s erginitryf terhgnts, oynl siglhlty lsse tanh dGelner’s. Men lept to thire etef nad rdegabb itrhe hssedli dan ossrdw. As sono as seh redziael hse adh bnee crsideovde, esh ertid to esaepc. She rdaebbg one of hte nme, one of rrthHoag’s tcelsos ifedrns, nda dheurs kbac to teh mwsap. uelBofw asnw’t in hte lhal. He hda neeb vegni a deb sleeeerwh. eooHrt wsa in ahcso. endrlGe’s rhemot adh antek akcb hre nos’s edsreve rma, in inaddoit to teh nma she adh badergb. gHoahrrt saw dtvaetesad by het nwse. Bwfeoul aws nmosdeum to the ikgn’s side. rrgathHo hda eneb dnoregniw ulndao rhtehew God uwodl evre post tihs nsgtir of meofitssunr. ufelowB estrod in htiw sih mne adn, not owngnik twha had haepdpne, skeda if gatrHroh had petsl ewll.

Original Text

Modern Text

THEN sank they to sleep. With sorrow one bought his rest of the evening,—as ofttime had happened when Grendel guarded that golden hall, evil wrought, till his end drew nigh, slaughter for sins. ’Twas seen and told how an avenger survived the fiend, as was learned afar. The livelong time after that grim fight, Grendel’s mother, monster of women, mourned her woe. She was doomed to dwell in the dreary waters, cold sea-courses, since Cain cut down with edge of the sword his only brother, his father’s offspring: outlawed he fled, marked with murder, from men’s delights warded the wilds.—There woke from him such fate-sent ghosts as Grendel, who, war-wolf horrid, at Heorot found a warrior watching and waiting the fray, with whom the grisly one grappled amain. But the man remembered his mighty power, the glorious gift that God had sent him, in his Maker’s mercy put his trust for comfort and help: so he conquered the foe, felled the fiend, who fled abject, reft of joy, to the realms of death, mankind’s foe. And his mother now, gloomy and grim, would go that quest of sorrow, the death of her son to avenge. To Heorot came she, where helmeted Danes slept in the hall. Too soon came back old ills of the earls, when in she burst, the mother of Grendel. Less grim, though, that terror, e’en as terror of woman in war is less, might of maid, than of men in arms when, hammer-forged, the falchion hard, sword gore-stained, through swine of the helm, crested, with keen blade carves amain. Then was in hall the hard-edge drawn, the swords on the settles, and shields a-many firm held in hand: nor helmet minded nor harness of mail, whom that horror seized. Haste was hers; she would hie afar and save her life when the liegemen saw her. Yet a single atheling up she seized fast and firm, as she fled to the moor. He was for Hrothgar of heroes the dearest, of trusty vassals betwixt the seas, whom she killed on his couch, a clansman famous, in battle brave.—Nor was Beowulf there; another house had been held apart, after giving of gold, for the Geat renowned.— Uproar filled Heorot; the hand all had viewed, blood-flecked, she bore with her; bale was returned, dole in the dwellings: ’twas dire exchange where Dane and Geat were doomed to give the lives of loved ones. Long-tried king, the hoary hero, at heart was sad when he knew his noble no more lived, and dead indeed was his dearest thane. To his bower was Beowulf brought in haste, dauntless victor. As daylight broke, along with his earls the atheling lord, with his clansmen, came where the king abode waiting to see if the Wielder-of-All would turn this tale of trouble and woe. Strode o’er floor the famed-in-strife, with his hand-companions,—the hall resounded,— wishing to greet the wise old king, Ingwines’ lord; he asked if the night had passed in peace to the prince’s mind. yTeh ewtn to epesl, hhutog neo of mteh uldwo ont awke. Seenomo aws skignee ngeerev fro edlrGen’s adhet. peDe tinwih eht maspw, dGeerln’s rhmote adh enbe innurgom reh nso dna itagwin rof gneacvnee. eSh adh eben eoddmo to ivle in eth mwpas vere niesc Cnia ilekld lbAe adn wsa shaedbni by Gdo. iCna swa eth fhtera of naym ivle taessb, cigdnunli Genlred, howm ervba ewulfoB dah dlleki ihtw teh ehpl of dGo. dAn nwo nlredeG’s hetmro, vernid by rrsoow adn areg, saw gnmoic for tehm. eSh ceam to erHoto, ewehr hte aDnes rwee elipnegs. Seh burst in iwht a omwna’s erginitryf terhgnts, oynl siglhlty lsse tanh dGelner’s. Men lept to thire etef nad rdegabb itrhe hssedli dan ossrdw. As sono as seh redziael hse adh bnee crsideovde, esh ertid to esaepc. She rdaebbg one of hte nme, one of rrthHoag’s tcelsos ifedrns, nda dheurs kbac to teh mwsap. uelBofw asnw’t in hte lhal. He hda neeb vegni a deb sleeeerwh. eooHrt wsa in ahcso. endrlGe’s rhemot adh antek akcb hre nos’s edsreve rma, in inaddoit to teh nma she adh badergb. gHoahrrt saw dtvaetesad by het nwse. Bwfeoul aws nmosdeum to the ikgn’s side. rrgathHo hda eneb dnoregniw ulndao rhtehew God uwodl evre post tihs nsgtir of meofitssunr. ufelowB estrod in htiw sih mne adn, not owngnik twha had haepdpne, skeda if gatrHroh had petsl ewll.