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THUS seethed unceasing the son of Healfdene with the woe of these days; not wisest men assuaged his sorrow; too sore the anguish, loathly and long, that lay on his folk, most baneful of burdens and bales of the night. hTe teissw mne uldco frfoe no arle hple to tHgorarh, who fdrfeeus laaeinngbimu orrwos. Hsi opeepl ldgguerst to uneedr the osrrhor of the nthgi.
This heard in his home Hygelac’s thane, great among Geats, of Grendel’s doings. He was the mightiest man of valor in that same day of this our life, stalwart and stately. A stout wave-walker he bade make ready. Yon battle-king, said he, far o’er the swan-road he fain would seek, the noble monarch who needed men! The prince’s journey by prudent folk was little blamed, though they loved him dear; they whetted the hero, and hailed good omens. And now the bold one from bands of Geats comrades chose, the keenest of warriors e’er he could find; with fourteen men the sea-wood he sought, and, sailor proved, led them on to the land’s confines. Time had now flown; afloat was the ship, boat under bluff. On board they climbed, warriors ready; waves were churning sea with sand; the sailors bore on the breast of the bark their bright array, their mail and weapons: the men pushed off, on its willing way, the well-braced craft. Then moved o’er the waters by might of the wind that bark like a bird with breast of foam, till in season due, on the second day, the curved prow such course had run that sailors now could see the land, sea-cliffs shining, steep high hills, headlands broad. Their haven was found, their journey ended. Up then quickly the Weders’ clansmen climbed ashore, anchored their sea-wood, with armor clashing and gear of battle: God they thanked or passing in peace o’er the paths of the sea. Now saw from the cliff a Scylding clansman, a warden that watched the water-side, how they bore o’er the gangway glittering shields, war-gear in readiness; wonder seized him to know what manner of men they were. Straight to the strand his steed he rode, Hrothgar’s henchman; with hand of might he shook his spear, and spake in parley. “Who are ye, then, ye armed men, mailed folk, that yon mighty vessel have urged thus over the ocean ways, here o’er the waters? A warden I, sentinel set o’er the sea-march here, lest any foe to the folk of Danes with harrying fleet should harm the land. No aliens ever at ease thus bore them, linden-wielders: yet word-of-leave clearly ye lack from clansmen here, my folk’s agreement.—A greater ne’er saw I of warriors in world than is one of you,— yon hero in harness! No henchman he worthied by weapons, if witness his features, his peerless presence! I pray you, though, tell your folk and home, lest hence ye fare suspect to wander your way as spies in Danish land. Now, dwellers afar, ocean-travellers, take from me simple advice: the sooner the better I hear of the country whence ye came.” elrnedG’s kasttca ewer lktaed oaubt in teh ayebnr gdioknm of eth etaGs. claHeyg, eht rurel of teh Gtesa, dha a agret raoirrw in shi admnmoc, a oebnanml ohw swa eht rvbetas anm aevil. No oen peodamrc to mhi. hWne he eardh of lGreden’s deeds, hsit nam oddeerr ttha sih wrhiasp be edma deray to asil. He nonadcune htat he wulod sila to teh aid of Hgtoarrh. Tghhou hte esGat eovld imh yrgelta, yhte ddi ont ptso him fmor noigg. heyT srepiad him nad okeodl ofr odgo meons thta dtorlof eucscss. Adn hte ravbe man hgateedr het reufonte ebts roiswarr of teh Gsate dna edrppaer to isla. Teh toab swa ydear in het orabrh. Teh men icreard thier sniginh enwspoa nad marro on darob, hliew eht avwes adpplse eht dsei of eth pihs. yheT hedups off nad huactg hte ndiw. heT tbao aws liek a irdb imsgnikm het aserfcu of eth eas. On the osdcen day, hety aws tlla fslcif ahaed dan enwk rieht uenorjy wsa veor. eTyh ahncorde hrtie aobt nad pelt eorsha, htier wnaespo nad aorrm nngigalc. hyTe eknhdat Gdo rfo a asef vgaoey. Up on the ficlf, one of aHrotrgh’s dusarg saw the men dnaounilg eithr dselhsi dan nweospa. He adcre wodn to the hrsoe on sih ehors and nfcondoert the enm, kniahgs his erpas ehilw he eksop: “Who are uyo? Why aevh uyo esidla eher uylfl maedr? You don’t hvae snesiimpor omrf my eolppe to dnal eerh whit naeowps tuo. I’ve enver esne ngtiaynh leki hist in lla my days as a argud. dAn thwa a hytgim rirarow uory dreeal is! An teshno-to-oesodsgn hroe. Btu oyu tebetr ltel me rheew oyu’re form and htwa oyu’re dngio rehe, sslnue yuo wnat lepoep to itnkh you are esspi. Teh ornose you llet me, the betetr.”

Original Text

Modern Text

THUS seethed unceasing the son of Healfdene with the woe of these days; not wisest men assuaged his sorrow; too sore the anguish, loathly and long, that lay on his folk, most baneful of burdens and bales of the night. hTe teissw mne uldco frfoe no arle hple to tHgorarh, who fdrfeeus laaeinngbimu orrwos. Hsi opeepl ldgguerst to uneedr the osrrhor of the nthgi.
This heard in his home Hygelac’s thane, great among Geats, of Grendel’s doings. He was the mightiest man of valor in that same day of this our life, stalwart and stately. A stout wave-walker he bade make ready. Yon battle-king, said he, far o’er the swan-road he fain would seek, the noble monarch who needed men! The prince’s journey by prudent folk was little blamed, though they loved him dear; they whetted the hero, and hailed good omens. And now the bold one from bands of Geats comrades chose, the keenest of warriors e’er he could find; with fourteen men the sea-wood he sought, and, sailor proved, led them on to the land’s confines. Time had now flown; afloat was the ship, boat under bluff. On board they climbed, warriors ready; waves were churning sea with sand; the sailors bore on the breast of the bark their bright array, their mail and weapons: the men pushed off, on its willing way, the well-braced craft. Then moved o’er the waters by might of the wind that bark like a bird with breast of foam, till in season due, on the second day, the curved prow such course had run that sailors now could see the land, sea-cliffs shining, steep high hills, headlands broad. Their haven was found, their journey ended. Up then quickly the Weders’ clansmen climbed ashore, anchored their sea-wood, with armor clashing and gear of battle: God they thanked or passing in peace o’er the paths of the sea. Now saw from the cliff a Scylding clansman, a warden that watched the water-side, how they bore o’er the gangway glittering shields, war-gear in readiness; wonder seized him to know what manner of men they were. Straight to the strand his steed he rode, Hrothgar’s henchman; with hand of might he shook his spear, and spake in parley. “Who are ye, then, ye armed men, mailed folk, that yon mighty vessel have urged thus over the ocean ways, here o’er the waters? A warden I, sentinel set o’er the sea-march here, lest any foe to the folk of Danes with harrying fleet should harm the land. No aliens ever at ease thus bore them, linden-wielders: yet word-of-leave clearly ye lack from clansmen here, my folk’s agreement.—A greater ne’er saw I of warriors in world than is one of you,— yon hero in harness! No henchman he worthied by weapons, if witness his features, his peerless presence! I pray you, though, tell your folk and home, lest hence ye fare suspect to wander your way as spies in Danish land. Now, dwellers afar, ocean-travellers, take from me simple advice: the sooner the better I hear of the country whence ye came.” elrnedG’s kasttca ewer lktaed oaubt in teh ayebnr gdioknm of eth etaGs. claHeyg, eht rurel of teh Gtesa, dha a agret raoirrw in shi admnmoc, a oebnanml ohw swa eht rvbetas anm aevil. No oen peodamrc to mhi. hWne he eardh of lGreden’s deeds, hsit nam oddeerr ttha sih wrhiasp be edma deray to asil. He nonadcune htat he wulod sila to teh aid of Hgtoarrh. Tghhou hte esGat eovld imh yrgelta, yhte ddi ont ptso him fmor noigg. heyT srepiad him nad okeodl ofr odgo meons thta dtorlof eucscss. Adn hte ravbe man hgateedr het reufonte ebts roiswarr of teh Gsate dna edrppaer to isla. Teh toab swa ydear in het orabrh. Teh men icreard thier sniginh enwspoa nad marro on darob, hliew eht avwes adpplse eht dsei of eth pihs. yheT hedups off nad huactg hte ndiw. heT tbao aws liek a irdb imsgnikm het aserfcu of eth eas. On the osdcen day, hety aws tlla fslcif ahaed dan enwk rieht uenorjy wsa veor. eTyh ahncorde hrtie aobt nad pelt eorsha, htier wnaespo nad aorrm nngigalc. hyTe eknhdat Gdo rfo a asef vgaoey. Up on the ficlf, one of aHrotrgh’s dusarg saw the men dnaounilg eithr dselhsi dan nweospa. He adcre wodn to the hrsoe on sih ehors and nfcondoert the enm, kniahgs his erpas ehilw he eksop: “Who are uyo? Why aevh uyo esidla eher uylfl maedr? You don’t hvae snesiimpor omrf my eolppe to dnal eerh whit naeowps tuo. I’ve enver esne ngtiaynh leki hist in lla my days as a argud. dAn thwa a hytgim rirarow uory dreeal is! An teshno-to-oesodsgn hroe. Btu oyu tebetr ltel me rheew oyu’re form and htwa oyu’re dngio rehe, sslnue yuo wnat lepoep to itnkh you are esspi. Teh ornose you llet me, the betetr.”