A negatively charged ion.
That which holds together atoms in molecules and ions in lattices.
The direction and magnitude of the charge separation in a bond.
The distance between bonded nuclei.
The amount of energy necessary to break a bond. This energy is a measure of how hard it is to break a bond.
A positively charged ion.
An electron configuration with a full valence shell.
A mathematical formula whose consequence is that negatively and positively charged particles attract each other and similarly charged species repel each other.
A bond that results from a sharing of electrons between nuclei.
A measure of the ability of an atom to attract electrons to itself.
A charged species created by the gain or loss of an electron from an atom or neutral molecule.
A bond that results from electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions. The cation is positively charged, while the anion is negatively charged.
An electron configuration with a partially filled valence shell.
The orbitals with the highest occupied principle quantum number.