Problem :
Silver has a density of 10.5 g/mL at 25 C. What is the mass of 16 mL
of silver?
However if 16 mL was a measured value, it has only 2 significant
figures. Therefore the final answer must be 170 g. Since there is
ambiguity as to whether the final zero here is significant or not, the
answer is best expressed: 1.7 x 102 g.
Problem :
How many significant figures are there in the following
numbers:
a. 209.4
B. 1.74x10^{-}23
c. 0.00220
d. 0.087686
Answers:
a: 4, because the number neither begins nor ends with zeros.
B: 3, All are non-zero digits
c: 3, The first three zeros just mark the decimal place, but the zero
after the 2 is significant since it indicates certainty
d. 5, the zeros serve only to mark the place
Problem :
Please perform the necessary math and give the number with the correct
number of significant figures. Use scientific notation where
appropriate.
A. 4.632 x 2.5
B. 12.443 +1.94672
C. 0.0000042 x 24365
D. 5.4 x 104 x 2.3 x 102
E. (41 x 3890)/36
A. 12
B. 14.390
C.
1.0x10^{-}1
D.
1.2x10^{7}
E.
4.4x10^{3}