Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews October 3, 2023
September 26, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
*See discount terms and conditions.
While Clive is the focus of Act I, Betty is the focus of the play as a whole. Churchill thoroughly illustrates Betty's journey from subservience to independence. Betty of Act I, who is played by a man, is, quite literally, an image of the male values that have been imposed upon her. She does have private desires of her own, but Clive's control of her renders her too weak to act upon those desires. In Act I, Betty believes that the protection and support that Clive provides outweigh the beneficial liberties that would come from her leaving him.
In Act II, Betty is far more liberated than in Act I. She is now played by a woman, which possibly suggests that she is now more in touch with her femininity. Betty is not totally free from her past. She still adheres to certain traditions of child-rearing and sexuality. Indeed, Act II is largely about Betty's reconciling past and present. She is the only representative of her generation in the second act, so she faces a different set of issues than do her children. Betty's liberation will be more difficult because of her age and her ties to Clive and to the old way of life that he represents. In seeking her identity, Betty must actively reject her past by divorcing Clive.
Ace your assignments with our guide to Cloud 9!