Davis, William C.“A Government of Our Own”: The Making of the Confederacy. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994.

Faust, Drew Gilpin. Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. New York: Vintage, 1996.

Gienapp, William E. Abraham Lincoln and Civil War America: A Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

McPherson, James. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

———. The Negro’s Civil War: How American Blacks Felt and Acted During the War for the Union. New York: Vintage, 2003.

Stampp, Kenneth M. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South. New York: Vintage, 1989.

Popular pages: The Civil War 1850–1865