Cashman, Sean Dennis. America in the Gilded Age: From the Death of Lincoln to the Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: New York University Press, 1993.

Hine, Robert V., and John Mack Faragher. The American West: A New Interpretive History. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2000.

LaFeber, Walter. The New Empire: An Interpretation of American Expansion, 18601898. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Link, Arthur S., and Richard L. McCormick. Progressivism. Wheeling, Illinois: Harlan Davidson, 1983.

McMath, Robert C.American Populism: A Social History, 18771898. New York: Hill and Wang, 1990.

Schlereth, Thomas J.Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 18761915. New York: Perennial, 1992.

Popular pages: The Gilded Age & the Progressive Era (1877–1917)