Truman's secretary of state. Acheson came under attack during
Mark W. Clark
Allied commander in North Africa and Italy during World War
II . General Clark was commander of UN forces in Korea
from 1952 to 1953.
John Foster Dulles
Eisenhower's secretary of state. He was hawkish
and highly anti-Communist.
James Van Fleet
Army commander who, during World War II, led the D-Day
invasion of Utah Beach. In Korea, he served as Ridgway's field commander,
controlling the Eighth Army.
The Communist leader of North Korea. Kim developed a massive personality cult
around himself, and ruled until his death in 1994.
Douglas C. MacArthur
General who commanded the Allies in the Southwest Pacific during World War
II, he oversaw the post-war occupation of Japan, and
commanded the UN forces during the first phases of the Korean War. It was
MacArthur who engineered the amphibious assault on Inchon. Becoming
increasingly egotistical as he got older, MacArthur began countermanding
Truman's orders in Korea. With the backing of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, Truman relieved MacArthur of his command on April 11,
US ambassador to South Korea.
"Democratically elected" leader of South Korea. Actually something of a
dictator, Syngman Rhee was a committed nationalist obsessed with the idea of
ruling a unified, independent Korea.
Commander of the Eighth Army under MacArthur, Ridgway rallied the US/UN/ROK
forces and pushed the Communists back. Ridgway became Allied Commander of the
Far East after MacArthur's dismissal.
John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B.
Johnson's secretary of state. After World War
II, it was Rusk, a former Rhodes scholar, who chose the
38th Parallel as the dividing line between North and South Korea.
Commander of the Chinese Communist "volunteers" in Korea.
US General who pioneered airborne warfare during World War
II. He was commander of the UN forces and the Eighth
Army in Korea during the last phases of the Korean War (1953).
Lieutenant General who had served under Patton in World War II, Walker was
commander of all UN ground forces under MacArthur. In December 1950, Walker
was killed in a car accident, and Ridgway took his place.