John Quincy Adams
Sixth president of the United States (1825-1829) and leading formulator of
General who commanded the British forces in Canada during the War of 1812.
Kentucky Congressman and senator throughout the first half of the 19th century.
During the War of 1812, Clay was Speaker of the House and a leading
British Admiral who commanded the Royal Navy's actions in the War of 1812,
particularly the naval aspects of the assaults on Baltimore and New Orleans.
William Henry Harrison
Ninth US President. Major General Harrison became famous for his victory over
Tecumseh at Tippecanoe
Also known as "Old Hickory", Jackson was the 7th US President (1829-1837).
Jackson became popular thanks to several Indian campaigns against the Creek
Indians and his stunning victory over British forces at New Orleans in January
The 3rd US President (1800-1808), Jefferson was the author of the Declaration
and a leading American political
philosopher. Despite the unpopularity of his 1807 Embargo Act, he was
followed in the presidency by his hand-picked successor, James Madison.
Francis Scott Key
American Lawyer detained by the British who, after seeing the American flag
remain atop Fort McHenry during its nighttime bombardment in 1814, was
inspired to write the Star-Spangled Banner.
US Naval Officer who embarrassed the British by winning the Battle of Lake
Champlain (near Plattsburg) in 1814, using cables to swing his boat around in a
crucial moment in the battle, presenting the enemy with a fresh broadside. His
victory prevented a British invasion of New York.
Founding Father and 4th US President (1809-1817). Madison had been Secretary of
State for Jefferson, and as president he continued many of Jefferson's
policies. The War of 1812 took place during Madison's presidency.
British General who was to replace Robert Ross after Ross' death at
Baltimore. Packenham's late arrival in the New World severely hampered the
amphibious invasion of New Orleans.
Oliver Hazard Perry
An American naval officer, Perry's small fleet won a celebrated battle against
the British on Lake Erie.
Named Laulewasikau, a Shawnee visionary and brother of Tecumseh.
British general who commanded land forces at the battle of Bladensburg in
1814, defeating General Winder and opening the road to Washington, which he
burned, sparing many private residences. Ross was killed in the assault of
Shawnee chief and leader who organized an intertribal confederation to fight
against white encroachment in the Ohio Valley. He was defeated by Harrison
at Tippecanoe. He died at the Battle of the Thames, while siding with
British in the War of 1812.
General who commanded the disorganized American forces at Bladensburg,
leading to a complete route by the British.