In the historical context of the 18th century, Candide serves as a commentary on the social, political, and intellectual landscape of the Enlightenment. Voltaire uses wit and irony to challenge the optimism of the time and highlight the hypocrisy and absurdity of social institutions. The novella critiques religious hypocrisy, the aristocracy, and the human capacity for cruelty.
Today, Candide remains relevant for its exploration of the human condition and its critique of blind optimism. The novella’s themes continue to resonate in discussions about philosophy, human nature, and the pursuit of happiness.