Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 12, 2023
December 5, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at firstname.lastname@example.org. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
Though he is dead throughout most of Snow Falling
on Cedars, Carl is a major character in the novel. He embodies
both the best and worst aspects of the white community on San Piedro.
A physically strong, hardworking, and stoic man, Carl is San Piedro’s
ideal citizen. He toils for his family’s welfare, keeps to himself,
and has largely put the trauma of his war experiences behind him.
In these respects, Carl is superior to Ishmael, Horace Whaley, Kabuo,
and the many other San Piedro residents who are only marginal members
of the community.
Though Carl clearly represents many ideals, he also exemplifies the
frustrating passivity and closed-mindedness typical of San Piedro’s
white residents. As we see in his conversations with Kabuo and Susan
Marie, Carl has an unthinking and reflexive dislike of people of
Japanese origin, even though he and Kabuo used to be close friends
as youngsters. Furthermore, Carl is so stoic and emotionally isolated
that even his wife feels she does not know him well. Even the other
fishermen, ostensibly Carl’s closest brethren, feel distant from
Carl’s importance to the narrative extends beyond his
contradictions. When Carl agrees to sell the seven acres of land
to Kabuo, he becomes the first of the novel’s major characters to
find the strength to put the past behind him. It is ironic, therefore,
that almost immediately after Carl affirms the power of individual
morality, he is killed by the most impersonal of forces: chance.
Ace your assignments with our guide to Snow Falling on Cedars!