Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 12, 2023
December 5, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at firstname.lastname@example.org. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
were supposed to smile a lot and treat the people with dignity.
They were supposed to think we were the good guys. That bothered
me a little. I didn’t like having to convince anybody that I was
the good guy. . . . We, the Americans, were the good guys.
Richie expresses these sentiments in
Chapter 9, when he is unsettled by the implications
of his squad’s pacification mission to a Vietnamese village. This
statement reflects Richie’s uncertainty about the morality of the
war; he is alarmed by the idea that the American army would even
have to convince the South Vietnamese that they are the “good guys,”
because it reveals that their goodness is not an obvious or unquestionable
fact. Additionally, as the South Vietnamese are not necessarily
happy to receive American assistance, the Americans have to convince
the South Vietnamese that an American presence makes them better
Richie dislikes these questions about the ethics of the
American involvement in the Vietnam War because they challenge the
comfortable, heroic, and romantic idea that he is fighting on the
side of right, acting as a hero to thousands of poor villagers.
Richie’s realization of the ambiguous morality of the war is the
final—and most damaging—blow to his adherence to the popular mythology
of war. Throughout his time in Vietnam, he comes to numerous painful conclusions
that change his worldview. He first recognizes that the army is
inefficient, fallible, and sometimes dishonest. He then realizes
that war is irrational and chaotic and that living or dying is a matter
of luck. Later, he accepts that the war is not going to end anytime
soon. Finally, he realizes that there is no clear distinction between
good and bad in the heat of combat, which causes him to reevaluate
his entire understanding of war and life.
Ace your assignments with our guide to Fallen Angels!