Paul, an extremely well-educated Jew, is living in Palestine when he receives a vision of Jesus and becomes a follower. Paul, however, continues to call himself the “Jew of Jews.” Christianity is indebted to Paul’s tireless toil for the Gospel in the first century, and to his robust intellectual prowess, which brings Christianity from a small handful of fringe-society disciples to a church with a sophisticated theology treating such complex issues as the relationship between faith and works, and the balance between unity and diversity. It is clear that Paul, whom some have called “history’s first egalitarian,” develops an enormous range of church leaders, including many women, in his household churches that peppered the hillsides of the Roman Empire and the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.