The Inverse of a Matrix
The multiplicative inverse of a real number is the number that yields 1 (the identity) when multiplied by the original number. is the multiplicative inverse of a, because a× = 1.
Most matrices also have a multiplicative inverse. In other words, for
the majority of matrices A, there exists a matrix A-1 such that
AA-1 = I and A-1A = I. For example, the
To find the inverse of an m×m matrix, write the m×m
matrix on the left,
and the m×m identity matrix to the right:
Then, row reduce to convert the matrix to reduced row-echelon form—that is, to get an m×m identity matrix on the left. The new m×m matrix on the right is the multiplicative inverse of the original matrix. In other words, the new m×m matrix times the original m×m matrix yields the identity matrix.
Example: Find the multiplicative inverse of: