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The Birth of Tragedy
Forward & Chapter 1
Chapters 2 & 3
Chapters 5 & 6
Chapters 7 & 8
Chapters 9 & 10
Chapters 11 & 12
Chapters 17 & 18
Chapters 20 & 21
Chapters 22 & 23
Chapters 24 & 25
Glossary of Important Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Suggested Essay Topics
How to Cite This SparkNote
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1. Man is the perfect artist when he creates which thing?
The Divine Comedy of Life
The beautiful appearance of the dream worlds
The manifestation of the principle of reason
2. Which of these aspects does not form the essence of Dionysian music?
The incomparable world of harmony
The symbolic power of phenomenon
The emotional power of the tone
The uniform flow of the melos
3. How did the Greek man cope with the terror and horror of existence?
He recognized that death was the best thing for all men anyway
He sank into a deep and sorrowful depression
He decided to triumph over it with their intellects
He interposed the radiant dream-birth of the Olympians between himself and life
4. What sort of artist was Archilochus?
A Dionysian lyricist
An objective observer of the Dionysian dream-state
A passionately self-expressive poet
A musical subjectivist
5. What musical form did Archilochus introduce into literature?
The New Attic Dithyramb
The choral hymn
6. According to Nietzsche, what is the role of the chorus in tragedy?
The beholder of the visionary scene
The ideal spectator
The Apollonian critic
The political arbiter
7. The dithyrambic chorus is a chorus of:
Conscious actors, who speak for the aristocracy
Transformed beings, whose position in society has been forgotten
Apollonian satyrs who create an appearance of nature
Prominent individuals who represent the public interest
8. According to Nietzsche, Oedipus is:
An example to the audience of the sins of pride
A noble man who succeeds in escaping his fate
A character who leads us by his cheerful example
A noble man who despite his wisdom is fated to misery
9. How does Apollo attempt to calm individual beings?
By metaphorically carrying them on his shoulders, like Atlas
By destroying the boundaries that Dionysus draws around the will
By drawing boundary lines between them
By imposing a regimen of Egyptian restraint
10. What is the fate of myth under the influence of tragic poetry?
Myth is abandoned as a restrictive and didactic medium
Myth is born anew and used to express Apollonian wisdom
Myth is enshrined as an example of the archaic worldview
Myth is born anew and serves as the vehicle for Dionysian wisdom
11. Who attacked the spirit of tragedy in his theatrical works?
12. What replaces Dionysian ecstasies in Euripidean drama?
Cool, paradoxical thoughts
13. Which of these men was not named by the temple of Apollo at Delphi for his surpassing wisdom?
14. What is responsible for driving music out of tragedy?
The prototype of the novel
15. Which of these things does the theoretical man not do?
After the truth is unveiled, he looks to that which still remains veiled.
He strives to make existence seem intelligible and therefore justified.
He attempts to reach down into the depths of being with his thought
He gets enjoyment and satisfaction out of the veil that has been cast off from truth.
16. According to Nietzsche, what is music?
A beautiful form
An immediate copy of the will
A copy of the phenomenon
A specific aesthetic language
17. Which of the choices below does not exemplify the degeneration of tragedy in the New Attic Dithyramb?
Music is manipulated so as to imitate phenomena and to arouse pleasure through external analogies
The character is no longer expanded into an eternal, mythical type, but rather must develop individually
Greek cheerfulness is brought to new heights
The individual phenomenon is enriched and expanded into a picture of the world
18. What does scientific optimism succeed in doing?
It shows that all the riddles of the universe are intelligible and solvable
It elevates the phenomenon to the position of reality
It shows that space, time, and causality are unconditional laws of the universe.
It inaugurates a tragic culture
19. Which of the following does opera not represent?
The birth of the theoretical man as the critical layman
The reawakening of Old Greek music
The victory of text over music
The idyllic belief that every sentient man is an artist
20. What, according to Nietzsche, was the current academic trend of his day?
Enthusiastic research into the links between German and Greek culture
The abandonment of long-standing historiographical thinking
A general consensus that the rebirth of Greek tragedy was at hand
The skeptical abandonment of the Hellenic ideal
21. Which of the following is not an effect of the Apollonian influence?
When watching a tragic drama, man believes that he is seeing a detached picture of the world
Man delights in individuals and gives them his sympathy
Myth as a symbol is ineffective and unnoticed
We believe the illusion that the Dionysian is in service of the Apollonian
22. Which of the following is true of the aesthetic hearer?
He falls beneath the powerful artistic spell of tragedy
He focuses on the moral messages imbedded in tragedy
He appreciates art by means of his critical approach
He understands that pathos is no matter of aesthetic play
23. Which of the following is not true of the abstract man unguided by myth?
His artistic imagination is impoverished
He has a consuming desire for knowledge
He is able to tap into the primitive power that lies within the German character
He has no fixed and sacred primitive seat
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