Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

German philosopher who was a profound influence on all of Foucault's work from his student days onward, including Discipline and Punish. The concept of genealogy could be Nietzsche's main legacy to Foucault. Nietzsche's idea of a "genealogy of morals" sought to reinterpret morality "from the perspective of life," praising those qualities that enhanced life, rather than the "herd morality" that detracted from it. In Foucault's work, genealogy became an attempt to examine various discourses from a critical viewpoint.

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