Introduction and Analysis.
Philosophical Themes, Arguments & Ideas
Important Quotations Explained
Suggestions for Further Reading
Suggested Essay Topics
How to Cite This SparkNote
Table of Contents
, which you don't seem to have. Please try a different browser.
. What is Plato’s aim in
To define justice
To prove that justice is worthwhile to pursue for its own sake
To prove that justice is the advantage of the stronger?
To define justice and to prove that it is worthwhile to pursue for its own sake
. Which of Socrates’s interlocutors asserts that justice is nothing but the advantage of the stronger?
. Which of the following terms best describes Thrasymachus?
. What advantage does the Ring of Gyges confer on its wearers?
It makes them invisible
It makes them invincible
It makes them maximally just
It makes everything they touch turn to gold
. According to Glaucon, to which of the following classes do the majority of people relegate justice?
Goods that are only desired for their own sake
Goods that are only desired for their consequences
Goods that are desired both for their own sake and for their consequences
Goods that are not desired at all
. According to Socrates what is the fundamental principle on which all human society should be based?
The principle of specialization
From each according to his ability, to each according to his need
Love of honor
. Which of the following is not a term applied to the first city Socrates describes?
City of pigs
City of necessary desires
. Which of the following classes of society populates the first city?
All of the above
. Which of the following is not considered an important aspect of the warriors’ education?
. What is the aim of the warriors’ education?
To make them maximally fierce
To make them maximally philosophical
To make them maximally honor-loving
To strike the delicate balance between brutishness and gentle qualities
. Which of the following is not considered an aspect of the soul by Plato?
The appetitive part
The spirited part
The rational part
The emotive part
. Which of the following statements is false?
Justice on the individual level precisely parallels justice on the societal level
In a just individual the entire soul is one big rational part
The guiding principle behind justice is harmony
In a just individual the entire soul aims at fulfilling the desires of the rational part
. Which of the following is not a characteristic that marks the lifestyle of the guardians?
They own no private property
They only mate several times a year
They are celibate
They do not know which children are their own
. What is the main purpose in propagating the myth of the metals among the citizens of the just city?
To ensure that they all agree on who should rule
To ensure that the rulers do not seek wealth
To ensure that all citizens view one another as relatives
To ensure that the warriors would rather die than allow their city to fall into enemy hands
. What is the role of women in the city?
They are limited to the producing class
They belong to their own class of society
The role of women is never mentioned in
Women occupy all of the same roles that men occupy
. What distinguishes the lover of sights and sounds from the philosopher?
He does not recognize the forms?
He is concerned only with beauty and not with the good
Though he recognizes that there are forms, he cannot manage to connect these to what he sees around him in the sensible world
He fails to recognize that everything that is beautiful is also ugly
. According to Socrates, what is the ultimate subject of study for the philosopher-kings?
The Form of the Good
The Form of the Beautiful
. To which of the following does Socrates compare the Form of the Good?
. According to Socrates, what is the lowest grade of cognitive activity?
. What is the difference between thought and understanding
Understanding makes use of images and hypotheses as crutches, whereas thought does not
Understanding reasons about Forms whereas thought does not
Thought makes use of images and hypotheses as crutches, whereas understanding does not
Thought reasons about Forms whereas understanding does not
. What does Socrates mean to illustrate with the allegory of the cave?
The effects of education on the soul
The effects of the intelligible realm on the soul
The effects of the visible realm on the soul
The stages of moral development through which a philosopher king must pass
. At what age does a guardian finally become a philosopher-king, provided that he passes through all of the various tests?
. Why is the philosopher king most fit to rule the city?
Because only he has knowledge
Because he is the most just of all
Because only he does not want to rule
All of the above
. Which of the following statements best approximates Socrates’s attitude toward democracy?
It is the most ideal form of government in theory, but can never work in practice
It is the ideal form of government and should be instituted
It is an anarchic and disordered form of government, second only to tyranny in its wretchedness
It is the most wretched form of government
. How do we know that the philosopher’s pleasure is the greatest possible pleasure?
Because only he is in a position to judge and he says so
Because this coheres with our theory of justice
Because if it weren’t, then it would not be worthwhile to be just and we know that it is
Because of the myth of Er
The Republic: Popular pages
Important Quotations Explained
Take a Study Break
8 Weirdly Specific Things That Happen in Every Dystopian Novel
Dec 3, 2019
Romeo and Juliet
As Told in a Series of Texts
Nov 22, 2019
QUIZ: Is This a Lord Byron Poem or a Fall Out Boy Song?
Nov 27, 2019
The 20 Best Insults in Fiction, RANKED
Nov 26, 2019
Great American Novels, Ranked from "Pretty Great, Actually" to "Meh"
Nov 15, 2019