“If—” is a poem of advice composed in 1896 by the British writer Rudyard Kipling, but not published until 1910.


Begin your study of “If—” with an Overview of its contents and key ideas.


Read an in-depth analysis of the speaker in “If—.”

Literary Devices

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Deeper Study

Increase your understanding of “If—” by learning more about Rudyard Kipling, the poem's historical and literary context, and other literary works on SparkNotes that are related to it.