Paradise Lost is an epic poem by John Milton that was first published in 1667. The poem explores the biblical story of the fall of man, focusing primarily on the rebellion of Satan and the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden. Amidst the cosmic struggle between God and Satan, the poem delves into themes of free will, disobedience, and the consequences of sin. Milton’s work is richly layered with classical allusions and theological reflections, showcasing his profound knowledge of literature and theology. The intricate narrative unfolds in twelve books, and Milton employs blank verse, a non-rhyming iambic pentameter, to give the poem a majestic and elevated tone.
Paradise Lost was written during a tumultuous period in English history marked by political and religious upheaval, including the English Civil War, the execution of King Charles I, and the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II. The poem reflects Milton’s own political and religious convictions, adding a layer of historical context to its interpretation. Today, Paradise Lost continues to be studied for its exploration of complex moral and philosophical questions. Its themes resonate with readers across generations, and the poem has inspired numerous adaptations, including stage productions, musical compositions, and cinematic interpretations, underscoring its enduring impact on literature and the arts.