Key Terms and Events
home of the Wedgwood family until the death of Josiah Wedgwood.
extinct ground-dwelling relative of the sloth.
Darwin's childhood home in Shrewsbury, England.
name: Royal Society of London for the Promotion of Natural Knowledge.
Founded in 1660 and granted a royal charter by Charles II in 1662,
the society served as a meeting place for independent scientists.
In 1665 it started publishing a journal of research by its members,
the Philosophical Transactions.
include Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin.
X Club was a private group of scientists who opposed religious explanations
for natural phenomena. Tyndall, Hooker, and Huxley were members.
Voyage of the Beagle
- 1831–1836. The HMS Beagle,
by Robert FitzRoy, spent five years mapping the coast of South
America. Charles Darwin joined the Beagle
as a naturalist
and it was on this trip that he made many of the observations that
contributed to his invention of the theory of evolution by natural