The thick and rigid layer that covers the plasma membrane in plant cells. Composed of fat and sugar molecules in a matrix.
A pigment located within a chloroplast that absorbs light in plant cells, helping to convert light energy into biological energy in the process of photosynthesis.
A double membrane-bound organelle found in plant cells that contains chlorophyll and is responsible for mediating photosynthesis.
A process in which plants convert sunlight into energy sources that can be used inside the cell to sustain life.
Membrane-bound, fluid-filled organelle found only in plant cells. Can compose up to 90% of a cell's volume and performs diverse functions in plant cells, including digestion of intracellular molecules.