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—.—.—. French Theater of the Absurd. Boston: Twain Publisher, 1991.

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Homan, Sidney. Audience as Actor and Character: The Modern Theater of Beckett, Brecht, Genet, Ionesco, Pinter, Stoppard, and Williams. Lewisburg, Pa.: Bucknell, 1989.

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—.—.—. Notes and Counter Notes; Writings on the Theatre. Trans. Donald Watson. New York: Grove Press, 1964.

Lane, Nancy. Understanding Eugène Ionesco. U. of South Carolina P, 1994.