Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews March 3, 2024
February 25, 2024
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
Willie is everything Winnie is not. He is silent, speaking only when she irritates him enough with her requests for him to do so, or when he reads out the headlines of his newspaper, which he apparently started doing after they married. He is brutish, blowing his nose loudly and croaking out the tune to Winnie's music box. He is sexually minded, holding a dirty postcard among his few possessions and laughing at the word "formication." If Winnie is stuck between the past and future, Willie is rooted firmly in the past. His newspaper connects him to the outside world, and is either an old edition, or recurs as the same one each day, and the headlines he reads are either about death or, more frequently, about job openings for youths. When he craws out of his hole headfirst each day, it is as if he is being reborn, but this is an ironic image, since he is aging as much as Winnie is, his crawling worse than it once was. His position low to the ground, too, counters Winnie's upright position and her sensation of being "sucked up." However, they do not complement each, except for in Willie's final crawl. "Dressed to kill," as Beckett's stage directions read, Willie does seem outfitted for a funeral, and he displays his only moment of vulnerability when he whispers "Win." Through this line, Winnie does "win," as she gains the love she desires. But it may only be temporary, as she and Willie stare at each other without smiling through a long pause that ends the play, and we do not know if Willie has changed permanently, or if, as the play's static rituals suggest, he will revert back to his normal attitude the next day.
Ace your assignments with our guide to Happy Days!