Hart, Lynda. Sam Shepard's Metaphorical Stages. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1987.

King, Kimball, ed. Sam Shepard: A Casebook. New York: Garland, 1982.

Marranca, Bonnie, ed. American Dreams: The Imagination of Sam Shepard. New York: PAJ Publications, 1981.

Mottram, Ron. Inner Landscapes: The Theater of Sam Shepard. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1984.

Oumano, Ellen. Sam Shepard: The Life and Work of an American Dreamer. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Shewey, Don. Sam Shepard: The Life, the Loves Behind the Legend of a True American. New York: Dell, 1985.

Taav, Micahel. A Body Across the Map: The Father-Son Plays of Sam Shepard. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 2000.

Tucker, Martin. Sam Shepard. New York: The Continuum Publishing Company, 1992.