Bowers, Claude G. Jefferson in Power Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston: /1936.

Brown, Ralph A. The Presidency of John Adams Kansas UP, Lawrence, KS: 1975.

Cunliffe, Marcus. The Nation Takes Shape: 1789 - 1837 University of Chicago Press, Chicago: 1959.

De Conde, Alexander. The Quasi-War Charles Scribner's Sons, New York: 1966.

Dos Pasos, John. The Shackles of Power: Three Jeffersonian Decades Doubleday and Co., Inc., Garden City, NY: 1966

Gruver, Rebecca. American Nationalism 1783 - 1830 G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York: 1970.

Keats, John. Eminent Domain: The Louisiana Purchase and the Making of America Charterhouse: New York: 1973.

Miller, John C. Crisis in Freedom: The Alien and Sedition Acts Little, Brown and Company, Boston: 1951 1961.

Risjord, Norman K. Jefferson's America 1760 - 1815 Madison House Publishers, Inc., Madison, WC: 1991.

Wilstach, Paul, ed. Correspondence of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson The Bobbs-Merrill Company Publishers, Indianapolis: 1925.

Popular pages: The First Years of the Union (1797-1809)