Bouson, J. Brooks. Quiet As It’s Kept: Shame, Trauma, and Race in the Novels of Toni Morrison. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000.

Conner, Marc C., ed. The Aesthetics of Toni Morrison: Speaking the Unspeakable. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.

David, Ron. Toni Morrison Explained: A Reader’s Road Map to the Novels. New York: Random House, 2000.

Gates, Henry Louis and K. A. Appiah, ed. Toni Morrison: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. New York: Amistad, 1993.

Kubitschek, Missy Dehn. Toni Morrison: A Critical Companion. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Morrison, Toni. Conversations with Toni Morrison. Ed. Danille Taylor-Guthrie. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1994.

Peterson, Nancy J., ed. Toni Morrison: Critical and Theoretical Approaches. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Rice, Herbert William. Toni Morrison and the American Tradition: A Rhetorical Reading. New York: Peter Lang, 1996.