Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 8, 2022
December 1, 2022
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at firstname.lastname@example.org. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
UN General Assembly. New York, September 23, 2019
Thunberg scathingly criticizes the assembled delegates. “People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. ... And all you can talk about is money and fairy tales of eternal economic growth. How dare you!” The science is clear: cutting global carbon emissions in half over twelve years, starting in 2018, gives humanity at best a 50 percent chance of avoiding irreversible chain reactions that lead to climate catastrophe. Her audience is in denial about this reality. “Your generation is failing us. But the young people are starting to understand your betrayal. ... We will not let you get away with this.”
Week for Future, Climate Strike. Montreal, September 27, 2019
Canada and Sweden are similar, Thunberg jokes: similar landscapes, similar weather, similar wildlife—and similarly meaningless status as climate change leaders. Over 4 million people went on strike for climate change the week before, but the delegates to the UN Climate Change Action Summit responded with empty words and insufficient action. Therefore, the protests will continue. According to the latest numbers, 6.6 million have participated in strikes. “The people have spoken and will continue to speak until our leaders listen and act. We are the change and the change is coming.”
Both of these speeches highlight the theme of an individual’s power to initiate change, but Thunberg uses drastically different approaches that are tailored to her two distinct audiences. Although both speeches rely on the same facts, Thunberg adopts dramatically different tones for each. When speaking to the United Nations, Thunberg is angry and accusatory, issuing a furious, “How dare you!” She holds the delegates responsible for failing to protect her generation and to acknowledge and act on the irrefutable realities of climate change. She delivers a warning and a prediction of the consequences to come if they continue down their current course. By contrast, when speaking to Canadian climate strikers, she endeavors to build rapport with them by citing the similarities between Canada and Sweden and even making a joke. She still addresses the failures of their political leaders, but she mentions it to empower and encourage her listeners, whom she regards as allies. As usual, she reiterates her core message and delivers climate change facts that illustrate the urgency of the crisis. And as she did when speaking to the United Nations, she emphasizes the power of the people, this time not to threaten but to praise. Her closing prediction is not a warning but a message of hope. In each of the two speeches, Thunberg tailors her rhetoric to the specific audience she is addressing, creating two very different effects while speaking about the same theme.