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Glenday, Michael K. Saul Bellow and the Decline of Humanism. London: Macmillan Press, 1990.

Hollahan, Eugene, ed. Saul Bellow and the Struggle at the Center. New York: AMS Press, 1996.

Kiernan, Robert F. Saul Bellow. New York: Continuum Publishing Company, 1989.

Opdahl, Keith Michael. The Novels of Saul Bellow: an Introduction. Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1970.

Porter, M. Gilbert. Whence the Power?: The Artistry and Humanity of Saul Bellow. Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1974.

Rodrigues, Eusebio L. Quest for the Human: An Exploration of Saul Bellow's Fiction. Toronto: Bucknell University Press, 1981.

Trachtenberg, Stanley. Critical Essays on Saul Bellow. Boston: G.K. Hall & Co., 1979.