Flores, Angel, ed. The Kafka Debate: New Perspectives for Our Time. New York: Gordian Press, 1977.

Gray, Ronald, ed. Kafka: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice- Hall, Inc., 1962.

Hughes, Kenneth, ed. and trans. Franz Kafka: An Anthology of Marxist Criticism. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1981.

Kafka, Franz. The Trial. Translated by Willa and Edwin Muir; revised, and with additional material translated by E.M. Butler. New York: Schocken Books, 1995.

Pawel, Ernst. The Nightmare of Reason: A Life of Franz Kafka. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1984.

Wagenbach, Klaus. Franz Kafka: Pictures of a Life. Translated by Arthur S. Wensinger. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984.