Richard III

by: William Shakespeare

  Act 1 Scene 3

page Act 1 Scene 3 Page 7

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RICHARD

135 (to QUEEN ELIZABETH) Poor Clarence did forsake his father Warwick,
Ay, and forswore himself—which Jesu pardon!—

RICHARD

(to ELIZABETH) Poor

Clarence

In Henry VI, Part 3, Clarence constantly shifted his loyalties from the Yorks (his own family) to th Lancasters, to which his father-inlaw belonged.

Clarence
abandoned his father-in-law, a Lancaster, and broke his own oath—may Jesus forgive him!—

QUEEN MARGARET

(aside) Which God revenge!

QUEEN MARGARET

(speaking so no one else can hear) May God take revenge on him!

RICHARD

To fight on Edward’s party for the crown;
And for his meed, poor lord, he is mewed up.
140I would to God my heart were flint, like Edward’s,
Or Edward’s soft and pitiful, like mine.
I am too childish-foolish for this world.

RICHARD

(to QUEEN ELIZABETH) —in order to fight on Edward’s side to help him win the crown. And now he is rewarded by being thrown in prison! I wish to God my heart were made of stone, like Edward’s is. Or I wish Edward’s were soft and full of feeling, as mine is, so that he would let Clarence go. I am too childish, too innocent, for this world.

QUEEN MARGARET

(aside) Hie thee to hell for shame, and leave the world,
Thou cacodemon! There thy kingdom is.

QUEEN MARGARET

(speaking so no one else can hear) Hurry to hell, then, and leave the world alone, you demon! Hell is where your kingdom is.

RIVERS

145My Lord of Gloucester, in those busy days
Which here you urge to prove us enemies,
We followed then our lord, our sovereign king.
So should we you, if you should be our king.

RIVERS

My Lord of Gloucester, in those busy days, which you’re bringing up now to prove we’re your enemies, we followed the lawful king. If you were king, we would do the same.

RICHARD

If I should be? I had rather be a peddler.
150Far be it from my heart, the thought thereof.

RICHARD

If I were king? I’d rather be a peddler. The thought of being king doesn’t appeal to me in the least.

QUEEN ELIZABETH

As little joy, my lord, as you suppose
You should enjoy were you this country’s king,
As little joy may you suppose in me
That I enjoy, being the queen thereof.

QUEEN ELIZABETH

You’re right to imagine that being this country’s leader brings no pleasure. As queen, I have felt none.