Briant, Pierre. Alexander the Great: The Heroic Ideal. London: Thames & Hudson, 1996.

Fox, Robin Lane. Alexander the Great. London: Penguin Books, 1973.

Green, Peter. Alexander of Macedon, 356–323 B.C.: A Historical Biography. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Hamilton, J.R. Alexander the Great. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1974.

Hammond, N.G.L. Alexander the Great: King, Commander and Statesman. Bristol: Bristol Press, 1989.

Milns, R.D. Alexander the Great. New York: Pegasus, 1969.

Plutarch. Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans. New York: Random House, 1992.

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