Bettelheim, Bruno. Freud and Man's Soul. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1983.

Costigan, Giovanni. Sigmund Freud: A Short Biography. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1965.

Eysenck, H. E. Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire. New York: Viking Penguin Inc., 1985.

Freud, Sigmund. A Freud Reader. Edited and compiled by Peter Gay. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1989.

Freud, Sigmund. An Autobiographical Study. Translated by James Strachey. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1963.

Freud, Sigmund. The Complete Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess: 1887–1904. Translated and edited by Jeffrey Moussaief Masson. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Freud, Sigmund and Andreas-Salomé, Lou. Sigmund Freud and Lou Andreas- Salomé: Letters. Edited by Ernst Pfeiffer and translated by William and Elaine Robson-Scott. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1972.

Fromm, Erich. Greatness and Limitations of Freud's Thought. New York: Harper & Row, 1980.

Gay, Peter. Freud: A Life for Our Time. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1988.

Isbister, J. N. Freud: An Introduction to his Life and Work. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1985.

Jones, Ernest. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. Edited and abridged by Lionel Trilling and Steven Marcus. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1961.

Popular pages: Sigmund Freud