An Indian word for a religiously-oriented, communal
One of the sacred texts of Hinduism, this long poem
helped shape Gandhi's personal philosophy.
Descendants of the Dutch settlers of South Africa,
they struggled with the British for dominance of the region.
The great port of western India
The renunciation of sex by a male Hindu. Gandhi committed himself
to Brahmacharya, after some struggle, in 1906.
The vast collection of British-ruled territories that
included, at Gandhi's birth, all of India.
A caste is a social level or class. In Hindu India,
the caste system is especially intricate and influential; under
this system, a person is born into a specific caste and may never
leave it. The castes span a wide range, the highest being the
Brahmin caste, the lowest being the untouchables.
The capital of India under the Raj
East India Company
The British trading company that dominated India in
the 18th century.
In Indian tradition, this is a day of fasting, prayer,
and abstention from work.
The complex, polytheistic majority religion of India
Indian National Congress
An organization of well-educated Indians, founded in
1885, that fell under Gandhi's leadership and pushed for Indian independence
A reform movement in Hinduism that emphasized the sacredness of
all life, and greatly influenced Gandhi.
A word meaning "great soul" that was applied to Gandhi
A member of the monotheistic religion Islam. Muslims
have long been the largest religious minority in India.
A province of British-ruled South Africa
Natal Indian Congress
Founded by Gandhi, this organization lobbied for Indian
rights in South Africa.
Gandhi's communal farm in South Africa
The British term for their dominions in India
Literally, "soul-force." It was the term given to
Gandhi's strategy of nonviolent resistance to oppression
The name given to Gandhi's ashram in
A Boer republic in South Africa, ruled by the British
after the Boer War
Unto This Last
Written by a British author named John Ruskin, this
book convinced Gandhi of the virtues of physical labor.
The shunned lowest caste, they were embraced by Gandhi.
Viceroy of India
The British-appointed ruler of India
The 1919 slaughter of Indian protesters by British
troops that sparked outrage around the world
The struggle (1899-1901) between Britain and the Boer republics,
ending in British control of South Africa.
Government of India Act
Passed by the British Parliament in 1935, it paved
the way for Indian independence.
Passed after World War I, it cracked down on civil
liberties in India, and led Gandhi toward rebellion.
The Salt March
Gandhi's march to the sea, in spring 1930, to protest
the British government's salt monopoly.