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The Young King
"The King's Great Matter"
Schism and Reformation
A European Monarch
The Political Revolution
Henry and his People
Henry and his Wives
The Cost of Tyranny
Henry's Last Years
Key Terms and Events
How to Cite This SparkNote
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1. Who were Henry VIII's parents?
King Richard III and Catherine of Aragon
King Henry VII and Elizabeth of York
King Henry VII and Elizabeth of Bosworth
King Edward V and Elizabeth of York
2. Where was Henry's first wife born?
The Duchy of Cleves
3. Henry needed which of the following to marry his brother's widow?
A dispensation from the Pope
A bill of attainder from Parliament
Permission from his father
Permission from the Archbishop of Canterbury
4. Henry's treatise
Assertio Septem Sacramentorum,
defended which of the following positions?
The Roman Catholic Church is correct in its teachings on the seven sacraments.
The Church of England is orthodox in its teachings on the seven sacraments.
Lutheranism is correct in its denial of the doctrine of Transubstantiation.
Holy matrimony is the most important sacrament in the Church.
5. Sir Thomas More lost his head for which of the following offenses?
Accusing the king from the floor of Parliament for being a "detestable heretic".
Refusing to acknowledge the king as Supreme Head of the Church of England
Arranging a marriage alliance between Henry and the ugly and ill-mannered Anne of Cleves
Defeating the king handily in a wrestling match
6. Henry signed the Treaty of Bruges with the Emperor Charles V in 1521 for which reason?
To enter formally into the Holy League and wage war on the Papacy
To please his wife, Catherine, who was a cousin of the Habsburg emperor
To secure England's German possession, the Duchy of Cleves, which Henry reclaimed in the battle of Flodden
To form an alliance against the the powerful French king, Francois I
7. Henry's first wife was the mother of which future monarch?
King Henry IX
King Edward VI
Queen Mary I
Queen Elizabeth I
8. Which act of Parliament declared Henry the Head of the Church of England?
Act of Succession
Act of Supplication
Act of Supremacy
Act of Submission
9. The Act of Appeals effectively did which of the following?
Cut of all legal ties between the English Church and Rome
Made it legal to appeal all common law cases in the Church courts
Prohibited Roman Catholics from appealing their cases in the king's courts
Formalized procedures for future appeals to the Papacy
10. Who became Henry's Viceregent in 1535?
11. The future King Edward VI was the son of which of Henry's many brides?
12. In 1528, Henry declared war on which relative of his wife Catherine of Aragon?
13. Henry gave himself which title in 1540?
King of Scotland
Duke of Cleves
King of Ireland
Duke of Earl
14. Anne Askew was put to death in 1546 for which offense?
Engaging in several extramarital affairs while she was married to the king
Distributing illegal Protestant books to the people of London
Praying at the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket
Refusing to take the Oath of Succession
15. Henry's fifth wife was a niece of which political figure?
Stephen Gardiner, the Bishop of Winchester
Thomas Howard, the Duke of Norfolk
Emperor Charles V
16. What were the Ten Articles?
Conditions of surrender for the Scots after their defeat at Solway Moss in
Ten theological arguments presented in Henry's treatise,
Assertio Septem Sacramentorum
A list of charges against Thomas Cromwell, issued by Parliament
Stated positions of the Church of England on fundamental points of faith
17. Why did the Pope name Henry –Defender of the Faith"?
Henry's armies recaptured the Papal States from the French and returned the lands safely to the Pope
Henry wrote an important theological treatise against the heresies of Martin Luther
Henry executed Thomas More, a prominent supporter of Lutheranism
Henry built a record number of monastaries and convents throughout England in a brief span of years
18. What years cover the span of Henry's life?
19. Who was Prince Arthur?
A pretender to the throne whose armies were defeated at Solway Moss
Henry's only legitimate male heir, the son of Jane Seymour
Henry's older brother, whose death made Henry heir to the throne
The son of the Scottish king James V, who was betrothed to the Princess Mary
20. What was the –Pilgrimage of Grace"?
An annual journey Henry and his queen took to the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket
One of the Protestant texts Anne Askew distributed to the people of London
A series of riots in London by Anabaptists and Lutherans
A rebellion in northern England by farmers who resented the king's anti-Catholic policies
21. In Henry's time, the phrase
or –Middle Way", referred to which of the following?
A series of compromises between the king and Parliament on their economic policies
A form of Christianity in between Protestantism and Roman Catholicism
A major road taken by the king and queen in their annual procession to the cathedral at Canterbury
A place in France where Henry and Francois I negotiated peace treaties
22. Of the following individuals, who was NOT sentenced to death for religious reasons?
23. Henry's break with Rome fostered a new political climate in England animated by which principle?
Separation of Church and State
Divine right of kings
Absolute national sovereignty
24. Beginning in 1536, Henry's government began which major campaign throughout all of England?
Constructing many new shrines to English saints such as Thomas Becket
Burning down several major towns which resisted Henry's anti-Catholic policies
Dissolving and destroying hundreds of monastaries and convents
Breaking up the holdings of the great landlords and redistributing lands to the peasants
25. Henry's reign began in which year?
26. Who was Jane Seymour?
A cousin of the king's who was the wife of on eof his chief ministers
A young Protesant woman who was burned at the stake for heresy
Henry's second wife, who was beheaded for alleged adultery
Henry's third wife, mother of Prince Edward
27. Thomas Cromwell lost his head for which offense?
Arranging a disagreeable marriage between Henry and Anne of Cleves
Refusing to take the Oath of Succession
Adultery with the queen
28. Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, was imprisoned in the Tower of London for which offense?
Refusing to acknowledge the legitimacy of Henry's second marriage
Aiding and abetting the Scots in the wars of 1542–1545
Planning to take over the government after Henry's death by making himself Edward's regent
29. Which of Henry's ministers headed up the conservative, catholic faction in the Privy Council later in the reign?
More and Wolsey
Cranmer and Cromwell
Norfolk and Gardiner
Cranmer and Seymour
30. Who were Sir Thomas Empson and Edmund Dudley?
Financial ministers who were executed for extortion and treason early in Henry's reign
Leaders of the conservative, catholic faction in the Privy Council late in Henry's reign
Prominent Lutherans who were burned at the stake for treason
Leaders of the rebellion known as the "Pilgrimage of Grace"
31. Henry married Anne of Cleves for which major reason?
Her exceptional beauty and charm captured his heart
To secure a male heir for the future succession
He wished to patch up relations with a powerful Catholic nation in Europe
To establish more friendly relations with German Protestant states
32. Who did Henry appoint as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1533?
33. Why did Cardinal Thomas Wolsey lose his position as Lord Chancellor in 1529?
Henry had come to the conclusion, on the principle of separation of Church and State, that a cardinal should not hold the position of Lord Chancellor
It was discovered that he had secretly been helping Lutherans
His successor, Thomas More, supported Henry's plan to break with the Catholic Church
He failed to secure Henry a divorce in his negotioations with the Pope
34. During his last year alive, Henry considered doing which of the following?
Reuniting England with the Roman Catholic Church
Invading Scotland to win personal glory
Making his daughter Elizabeth heir to throne, rather than his son Edward
Divorcing Katherine Parr, who was suspected of heresy
35. Under Henry's government, Protestant heresy was usually punished in what manner?
Burning at the stake
Drawing and quartering
36. How many pf Henry's children became reigning monarchs of England?
37. What was the major social problem of Henry's reign?
Rampant violent crime
38. What was the effective result of the 1533 Act of Appeals?
It enabled defendants in common law courts to appeal their cases to the Church courts
It legalized the appealing of court cases to Rome
It cut off all legal ties to the Papacy
It prohibited Roman Catholics from appealing their cases in the king's courts
39. As a teenager, Henry was generally not permitted to do which of the following activities?
Sing and play instruments such as the harp
Challenge the king's guards to archery contests
Spend lots of time with his father to learn the administrative duties of kingship
Study Roman Catholic theological texts
40. Who held Henry's hand as he passed away the night of his death?
The princess Mary
Sir Thomas More
Archbishop Thomas Cranmer
Bishop Stephen Gardiner
41. Which of Henry's six wives were beheaded?
Second and third
Second and fifth
First and fifth
Fifth and sixth
42. Henry met which European magnate on the Field of Cloth-of-gold in 1520?
Pope Clement VII
Emperor Charles V
King Ferdinand I of Spain
King Francois I of France
43. Which French city did Henry's armies capture in 1544?
44. Anne Boleyn was the mother of which English monarch?
45. Who was Henry's most beloved wife?
Catherine of Aragon
Anne of Cleves
46. In the early part of Henry's reign, who exercised the greatest amount of power over the government?
The Archbishop of Canterbury
Cardinal Thomas Wolsey
47. Unlike France and Spain, sixteenth century England was ruled by what form of government?
Republic, with the king as a mere figurehead
Theocracy, with the archbishops holding ultimate authority
48. Which decision did Archbishop announce at his court at Dunstable in May 1533?
Thomas More should be executed for being a "detestable heretic"
Henry's marriage with Catherine was false, and the marriage with Anne was true
The See of Canterbury would resist Henry's attempts to break from Rome
Princess Mary would remain the rightful heir to the throne
49. Which powers joined Henry in the alliance called the Holy League in 1511?
Spain, Venice, the Holy Roman Empire
France and Italy
Several German states, including the Duchy of Cleves
Ireland, Scotland, and Wales
50. Which pope refused to grant Henry his divorce from Queen Catherine?
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