- One of the first to settle on the peninsula later named
Boston. He encouraged Winthrop to move the settlement there.
Winthrop's mother. She died in England the year before he emigrated.
king of England from 1625 until he was executed by Parliament in
- Winthrop's second wife. She died along with her infant
child one day after their first wedding anniversary.
queen of England from 1558–1603.
first wife and the daughter of a Essex nobleman. They married in
1605, and she bore him six children before she died in 1615.
- One of the Massachusetts Bay colony's main leaders.
Endecott was a soldier by training who had a quick temper. On one
occasion he assaulted a colonist who had not shown him proper respect.
- Deputy governor under Winthrop. Dudley briefly served
as governor in 1634–1635 and 1640–1641. He served in England as
steward for the Earl of Lincoln.
- Hutchinson's beliefs in Arminianism and Antinomianism
and her weekly study sessions where she taught those beliefs to
dozens of Bostonians touched off the greatest showdown between
civil and religious authority in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
- One of the leaders of the original expedition and
the largest sharholder in the Massachusetts Bay Company. His wife
was the highest born Puritan to emigrate in Winthrop's party, and
the emigrant's flagship was named for her. Their death in Charlestown
prompted Winthrop to move the settlement to Boston.
- One of the first settlers of Massachusetts Bay. Maverick
Built an elaborate house on the Mystic River. His elaborate house
on the Mystic River convinced Winthrop that people could thrive
in New England.
- Winthrop's third wife and close confidant, from 1618
until her death in 1647. She was the daughter of the wealthy landowner
Sir John Tyndal of Great Maplested in Essex.
- A lawyer in Massachusetts Bay tasked with drawing
up its first legal code. Ward had practiced law for thirty years
in the Old World, and he arrived in the new colony in 1634 when
he was fifty-five years old. He settled in Ipswich, where he served
as pastor for two years. Ward wrote the Body of Liberties.
charming and persuasive pastor who entered into a showdown with
Winthrop and other members of the General Court on charges of heresy.
London cloth merchant and John Winthrop's grandfather. He bought
the family's Groton estate in 1544.
Adam Winthrop, Jr.
- A lawyer and John Winthrop's father. Moved the family
to the Groton estate after Adam Sr. died, where he supervised John
Winthrop during his first years running the estate.
John Winthrop, Jr.
- John Winthrop's son, born in 1606. He later served
as governor of Connecticut.
of Anne Hutchinson and governor in 1636, as a replacement for Winthrop.