Allies - · Alliance of countries that was victorious in World
War One: Belgium, France, Russia, Serbia, Great Britain, Japan,
Bloomsbury Group - · The appellation given to a group of friends-painters,
writers, philosophers and economists-that made the London neighborhood
of Bloomsbury its home. Active mainly between 1904 and 1941. Members
included Virginia and Leonard Woolf, Clive and Vanessa Bell, Roger
Fry, Lytton Strachey, John Maynard Keyes and Duncan Grant, among
Central Powers - · Alliance of countries that lost World War One to the
Allies: Germany, Austro-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire.
Fascism - · A governmental philosophy which holds the state and
nation superior to the masses, and dictates state control over
nearly every facet of private and public life. Used first by Mussolini's political
party, but also a fair description of the tenets of the Nazi party.
Hogarth Press - · The publishing house founded by Leonard and Virginia
Woolf. Published many of the era's greatest writers when they were unknowns,
such as T.S. Eliot, E.M. Forster, Katherine Mansfield, Sigmund
Freud and Gorki.
Manic-Depression - · Also called Bi-polar Disorder, manic-depression is
characterized by manic episodes–in which the patient is highly
agitated-and periods of dark depression. Virginia Woolf likely
suffered from manic-depression
Modernism - · School of literary technique and thought in which writers believed
new forms of expression were necessary to relay the realities of
a modern and fractured world. Virginia Woolf, one of the most eminent
Modernist writers, utilized stream-of-consciousness writing, for
example, to convey a character's interior thoughts. Contemporaries
included James Joyce and D.H. Lawrence.
Nazi Party - · Also called National Socialism, the Nazi Party was
the party of Adolph Hitler and ruled Germany from 1933 until 1945. Adhered
to doctrines of racial "purity" and racial inequality.
Socialism - · A political and economy theory, which promotes collective
or government owned and operated production and distribution systems.
Reliant on mass cooperation and social service rather than the
independent spirit of capitalism.
Battle of Britain - A series of air battles fought between Great Britain
and Germany between August and October of 1940. Considered a prelude
to a German invasion of England, Britain managed to fend off the German
forces, despite heavy night bombings of London and other English
First Post-Impressionist Exhibition - An art exhibition held in 1910 at the London Museum,
curated by Roger Fry. It featured works by artists like Cézanne,
Matisse and Picasso and caused a major scandal in the London art
World War One - Also known as the Great War, a conflict lasting from
1914–1918 between the Allies (Britain, America, France, Russia,
Japan, Serbia and Belgium) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austro-Hungary
and Ottoman Empire). It was, at that point, the largest war in