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Aristophanes. Lysistrata and Other Plays. Alan Sommerstein, trans. New York: Penguin Putnam, 1973.
The Cambridge Guide to World Theatre. Martin Basham, ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
The Chambers Biographical Dictionary. Melanie Parry, ed. New York: Chambers Harrap Publishing, 1997.
Dearden, C. W. The Stage of Aristophanes. London: Athlone Press, 1976.
The Encyclopedia of World Biography. Paula K. Byers, ed. New York: Gale Research, 1998.
Freedley, George and Reeves, John A. A History of the Theatre. New York: Crown Publishing, 1968.
Geisinger, Marion. Plays, Players, Playwrights. New York: Hart Publishing Co., 1975.
MacDowell, Douglas M. . Aristophanes and Athens, An Introduction to the Plays. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Murray, G. G. A.. Aristophanes. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1933.
Pickard-Cambridge, A.W. The Dramatic Festivals of Athens. Second ed, revised by J. Gould and D. M. Lewis. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968.
Whitman, Cedric H. Aristophanes and the Comic Hero. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1964.
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