Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews March 9, 2024
March 2, 2024
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
The parasitic, manipulative Cathy is the embodiment of
evil in the novel and the most static of the main characters. Her
evil seems to be innate and all-consuming, as she displays murderous
and sexually perverse tendencies from an early age. A figure of
infertility and destruction who kills her parents and attempts to
kill her own unborn children, Cathy is a debased version of the
biblical Eve, whom the Christian tradition sees as the mother of
all humankind. Like Eve, Cathy is associated with sin, but whereas
Eve is deceived into committing sin, Cathy embraces it wholeheartedly
and commits evil simply for its own sake. Cathy has an overwhelmingly
pessimistic view of humankind: she believes that there is only evil
in the world and therefore surrenders herself to it fully. All the
while, she fails to understand the good in other characters and
instead uses their trusting natures to achieve her own predatory
ends. Notably, we never get any sense that Cathy is using her evil
acts to reach any sort of ultimate goal or aim. For this reason,
some critics have dismissed Cathy as an implausible character and
a major weak link in Steinbeck’s novel. The narrator of East
of Eden himself is somewhat confounded by Cathy, as he
struggles to understand her and revises his opinion of her throughout
the novel. In any case, Cathy is a symbol of the human evil that
will always be present in the world, and her loss of power over
Adam and Cal bolsters the novel’s message that individuals have
the choice to reject evil in favor of good.
Ace your assignments with our guide to East of Eden!