Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 5, 2023
November 28, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at firstname.lastname@example.org. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
See discount terms and conditions.
If the Metamorphoses can be said to have
a protagonist, Jupiter, the king of heaven, is that protagonist.
He is the first god on the scene in Book I as he encounters the
impious Lycaon, and he is present at the end of the poem in the
Book XV at the deification of Julius Caesar. Jupiter’s frequent
presence in the poem does not, however, mean that he is a character
worthy of respect. In most instances, Ovid portrays Jupiter as foolish,
rash, and lustful. Jupiter destroys the world out of anger at one
man, he rapes countless women (Io, Europa, Callisto, and Semele,
to name a few), and he constantly deceives his wife, Juno, whom
he fears. When Jupiter does attempt to do good deeds, he bungles
them. When he tries to defend Dis, for example, he tells Ceres that
at least her daughter, Proserpina, was raped by a god with good
lineage. Ovid’s portrayal of Jupiter is sometimes comic and nearly
Ace your assignments with our guide to Metamorphoses!