Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 7, 2023
November 30, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
See discount terms and conditions.
As the protagonist of Regeneration, Rivers undergoes a personal growth that forms the foundation for the structure of the story. This character is loosely based on the real W.H.R. Rivers, who worked as a psychiatrist at Craiglockhart from 1916–1917 and served as a treating physician for Siegfried Sassoon. Like the character, the real Rivers had a stammer that he sometimes found difficult to control, though his father was a speech therapist. Rivers studied anthropology and went on several expeditions before returning to Cambridge to do research on nerve regeneration with a friend, Henry Head. At Craiglockhart, Rivers officially treated Sassoon for an "anti-war complex." The real Rivers writes about Sassoon under the alias "Patient B" in his book Conflict and Dreams.
Though Rivers the character is based upon the real Dr. Rivers, Barker's accounts of his discussions, thoughts, and moral dilemmas are entirely fictional. In the novel, Rivers is a dynamic character who develops and changes throughout the work—ironic, since it is his job to change others. With a traditional Victorian education and a strong belief in honor, Rivers feels bound to his duty to heal men so they may return to war. Rivers is not close-minded, however; in fact, his deep sympathy for the suffering of his patients causes him to rethink previously solid beliefs. He feels a deep conflict about whether he is doing the right thing by treating men just so that they can return to war and be killed. Furthermore, Rivers feels guilty over the level of control and influence he has over his patients. After watching Dr. Yealland's method of electro-shock therapy, Rivers wonders how much he really differs from his harsh colleague. The novel charts Rivers's slow journey of realization and growing doubtfulness about the justification for the death of an entire generation.
Ace your assignments with our guide to Regeneration!