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Enter CLEOPATRA , ENOBARBUS , CHARMIAN , and IRAS
CLEOPATRA , ENOBARBUS , CHARMIAN , and IRAS enter.

CLEOPATRA

What shall we do, Enobarbus?

CLEOPATRA

What are we going to do, Enobarbus?

ENOBARBUS

Think and die.

ENOBARBUS

Think about our situation, then die.

CLEOPATRA

Is Antony or we in fault for this?

CLEOPATRA

Who is to blame for this: Antony or I?

ENOBARBUS

Antony only, that would make his will
Lord of his reason. What though you fled
From that great face of war, whose several ranges
Frighted each other? Why should he follow?
The itch of his affection should not then
Have nicked his captainship at such a point
When half to half the world opposed, he being
10 The merd question. Twas a shame no less
Than was his loss, to course your flying flags
And leave his navy gazing.

ENOBARBUS

Only Antony was at fault. He put his desire in charge of his reason. So what if you ran from the battle, terrified, as ranks of ships threatened one another? Why should he have followed you? With half the world opposing the other half, it wasnt the time for Antony, the pivotal player, to let love distract him. To race after your departing ships, leaving his navy to watch, was a shame as great as the resulting loss.

CLEOPATRA

Prithee, peace.

CLEOPATRA

Please, lets not talk about it.
Enter AMBASSADOR with ANTONY
The AMBASSADOR and ANTONY enter.

ANTONY

Is that his answer?

ANTONY

Is that his answer?

AMBASSADOR

Ay, my lord.

AMBASSADOR

Yes, my lord.

ANTONY

15 The Queen shall then have courtesy, so she
Will yield us up?

ANTONY

The Queen will be treated fairly if she gives me up?

AMBASSADOR

He says so.

AMBASSADOR

Thats what he says.

ANTONY

Let her know t.
(toCLEOPATRA) To the boy Caesar send this grizzled head,
And he will fill thy wishes to the brim
With principalities.

ANTONY

Tell her. (toCLEOPATRA) If you send my aged head to that boy, Caesar, hell give you all the kingdoms you want.

CLEOPATRA

That head, my lord?

CLEOPATRA

Your head, my lord?

ANTONY

(to theAMBASSADOR) To him again. Tell him he wears the rose
Of youth upon him, from which the world should note
Something particular. His coin, ships, legions,
May be a cowards, whose ministers would prevail
Under the service of a child as soon
As i th command of Caesar. I dare him therefore
To lay his gay caparisons apart
And answer me declined, sword against sword,
Ourselves alone. Ill write it. Follow me.

ANTONY

(to theAMBASSADOR) Go back to him. Tell him that his cheeks still bear the pink flush of youth, and that the world expects to see something remarkable from him. His treasure, his navy, and his armies might belong to a coward, and his ministers might be able to succeed just as well on behalf of a child as under the command of Caesar. Therefore, I dare him to lay aside his fancy trappings and meet this old man in single combat, sword against sword, just the two of us. Ill write the challenge. Follow me.
Exeunt ANTONY and AMBASSADOR ANTONY and the AMBASSADOR exit.

ENOBARBUS

(aside) Yes, like enough, high-battled Caesar will
Unstate his happiness and be staged to th show
Against a sworder! I see mens judgments are
A parcel of their fortunes, and things outward
Do draw the inward quality after them
To suffer all alike. That he should dream,
35 Knowing all measures, the full Caesar will
Answer his emptiness! Caesar, thou hast subdued
His judgment too.

ENOBARBUS

(aside) Oh, thats likely! Caesar, the great commander of troops, will surely risk all he has gained in order to fight this gladiator in the public square! I see that mens judgments are tied to their fortunes, and that external factors influence a mans internal qualities, making everything suffer. How could Antony, knowing how luck stood on either side, still imagine that Caesar would respond to his nonsense! Caesar, youve conquered his judgment too.
Enter a SERVANT
A SERVANT enters.

SERVANT

A messenger from Caesar.

SERVANT

A messenger has arrived from Caesar.

CLEOPATRA

What, no more ceremony? See, my women,
Against the blown rose may they stop their nose,
40 That kneeled unto the buds.Admit him, sir.

CLEOPATRA

With no more ceremony than that? See, ladies, how they scorn me now. They pinch their noses to avoid smelling the dying rose whose scent, as a bud, they happily inhaled. Show him in, sir.
Exit SERVANT The SERVANT exits.

ENOBARBUS

(aside) Mine honesty and I begin to square.
The loyalty well held to fools does make
Our faith mere folly. Yet he that can endure
To follow with allegiance a falln lord
45 Does conquer him that did his master conquer
And earns a place i th story.

ENOBARBUS

(aside) My integrity and I begin to contradict each other. Being loyal to a fool makes loyalty foolish. But a person who can bear to keep his allegiance to a defeated lord defeats his lords conqueror and earns a place in history.
Enter THIDIAS
THIDIAS enters.

CLEOPATRA

Caesars will?

CLEOPATRA

What does Caesar want?

THIDIAS

Hear it apart.

THIDIAS

It is for your ears only.

CLEOPATRA

None but friends. Say boldly.

CLEOPATRA

There are only friends here. Speak confidently.

THIDIAS

So haply are they friends to Antony.

THIDIAS

So they are possibly Antonys friends.

ENOBARBUS

He needs as many, sir, as Caesar has,
50 Or needs not us. If Caesar please, our master
Will leap to be his friend. For us, you know
Whose he is we are, and that is Caesars.

ENOBARBUS

Sir, he should have as many as Caesar has. If he had that many friends, then he wouldnt need us. If Caesar chose, Antony would jump at the chance to be his friend. As for us, you know we are Antonys, and he is Caesars.

THIDIAS

So.
Thus then, thou most renowned: Caesar entreats
55 Not to consider in what case thou standst,
Further than he is Caesar.

THIDIAS

So be it. This, then, this is the message Caesar sends to you, famous Queen: he implores you not to be concerned about your situation. Just remember that he is Caesar.

CLEOPATRA

Go on. Right royal.

CLEOPATRA

Respectfully put. Go on.

THIDIAS

He knows that you embrace not Antony
As you did love, but as you feared him.

THIDIAS

He knows that you didnt embrace Antony because you loved him, but because you feared him.

CLEOPATRA

Oh!

CLEOPATRA

Oh!

THIDIAS

The scars upon your honor therefore he
60 Does pity as constraind blemishes,
Not as deserved.

THIDIAS

So he regrets that any dishonorable acts were forced on you, not being performed of your own free will.

CLEOPATRA

He is a god and knows
What is most right. Mine honor was not yielded,
But conquered merely.

CLEOPATRA

He is like a god and knows the truth. My honor wasnt given; it was only dominated.

ENOBARBUS

(aside) To be sure of that,
I will ask Antony. Sir, sir, thou art so leaky
65 That we must leave thee to thy sinking, for
Thy dearest quit thee.

ENOBARBUS

(aside) Ill go get the truth of this from Antony. Sir, sir, are you so badly off that we must abandon you to your fate? Even your dearest friend has abandoned you.
Exit ENOBARBUS ENOBARBUS exits.

THIDIAS

Shall I say to Caesar
What you require of him? For he partly begs
To be desired to give. It much would please him
That of his fortunes you should make a staff
70 To lean upon. But it would warm his spirits
To hear from me you had left Antony
And put yourself under his shroud,
The universal landlord.

THIDIAS

Shall I tell Caesar what you request from him? He almost begs for the opportunity to help you. It would please him very much if you would rely on his wealth and success to support you. But he would feel even better if I could tell him that you had left Antony and put yourself under his protection.

CLEOPATRA

Whats your name?

CLEOPATRA

Whats your name?

THIDIAS

My name is Thidias.

THIDIAS

My name is Thidias.

CLEOPATRA

Most kind messenger,
75 Say to great Caesar this in deputation:
I kiss his conquring hand. Tell him I am prompt
To lay my crown at s feet, and there to kneel.
Tell him, from his all-obeying breath I hear
The doom of Egypt.

CLEOPATRA

Most kind messenger, tell great Caesar that through his deputy I kiss his conquering hand. Tell him I am ready to lay my crown at his feet and kneel before him. Tell himwhose decrees are obeyed by the whole worldthat I will accept the fate he chooses for Egypt.

THIDIAS

Tis your noblest course.
80 Wisdom and fortune combating together,
If that the former dare but what it can,
No chance may shake it. Give me grace to lay
My duty on your hand.

THIDIAS

Thats your most dignified course of action. When confronted with the choice between a prudent action and a risky one, a wise man should dare to do only what he can practically accomplishif he follows this course, he will never be subjected to unpredictable chance. Allow me to pay my respects by kissing your hand.
He kisses her hand
He kisses her hand.

CLEOPATRA

Your Caesars father oft,
85 When he hath mused of taking kingdoms in,
Bestowed his lips on that unworthy place
As it rained kisses.

CLEOPATRA

When Octavius Caesars father thought about conquering kingdoms, he rained kisses on my unworthy hand.
Enter ANTONY and ENOBARBUS
ANTONY and ENOBARBUS enter.

ANTONY

Favors? By Jove that thunders!
What art thou, fellow?

ANTONY

Promising favors? By Jove that thunders! Who are you, slave?

THIDIAS

One that but performs
The bidding of the fullest man, and worthiest
90 To have command obeyed.

THIDIAS

A person who merely follows the orders of the best man, the man most worthy of service.

ENOBARBUS

You will be whipped.

ENOBARBUS

You will be whipped.

ANTONY

(calling for servants) Approach, there! (toTHIDIAS) Ah, you kite!Now, gods and devils!
Authority melts from me. Of late, when I cried Ho!
Like boys unto a muss kings would start forth
And cry, Your will? (calling to servants) Have you no ears? I am
95 Antony yet.

ANTONY

(calling for servants) Come here! (toTHIDIAS) Ah, you bird of prey! Now by all the gods and devils, my authority weakens. Not long ago, when I cried, Ho! kings would jump up and cry, Whats your pleasure? (calling to servants) Are you deaf? Im still Antony.
Enter a SERVANT , followed by others
A SERVANT enters, followed by others.
Take hence this jack and whip him.
Take away this lout and whip him.

ENOBARBUS

(aside) Tis better playing with a lions whelp
Than with an old one dying.

ENOBARBUS

(aside) Its safer to toy with a lion cub than an old, dying lion.

ANTONY

Moon and stars!
Whip him. Were t twenty of the greatest tributaries
That do acknowledge Caesar, should I find them
So saucy with the hand of she herewhats her name
Since she was Cleopatra? Whip him, fellows,
Till like a boy, you see him cringe his face
And whine aloud for mercy. Take him hence.

ANTONY

By the moon and stars! Whip him! If I saw twenty of the greatest powers that pay tribute to Caesar taking such liberties with her handwhats her name now? This woman who once was Cleopatra, but now has become something different? Whip him, fellows, until he screws up his face like a baby and cries aloud for mercy! Take him away.

THIDIAS

Mark Antony

THIDIAS

Mark Antony

ANTONY

Tug him away! Being whipped,
105 Bring him again. This jack of Caesars shall
Bear us an errand to him.

ANTONY

Pull him away, and once he has been whipped, bring him back. Caesars knave will bring him a message for us.
Exeunt SERVANTS with THIDIAS The SERVANTS exit with THIDIAS .
(toCLEOPATRA) You were half blasted ere I knew you. Ha!
Have I my pillow left unpressed in Rome,
Forborne the getting of a lawful race,
110 And by a gem of women, to be abused
By one that looks on feeders?
(toCLEOPATRA) You were damaged goods before I met you. Ha! Did I desert my bed in Rome, passing up the chance to have a legitimate family with a jewel of a woman, in order to be deceived by one who wastes her favors on servants?

CLEOPATRA

Good my lord

CLEOPATRA

My good lord

ANTONY

You have been a boggler ever.
But when we in our viciousness grow hard
Oh, misery on t!the wise gods seel our eyes,
In our own filth drop our clear judgments, make us
Adore our errors, laugh at s while we strut
To our confusion.

ANTONY

Youve always been a liar. But when our vices become habitsOh, the sadness of it!the wise gods blind us, shade our better judgment, make us love our mistakes, and laugh as we strut to our ruin.

CLEOPATRA

Oh, is t come to this?

CLEOPATRA

Oh, has it come to this?

ANTONY

I found you as a morsel cold upon
Dead Caesars trencher. Nay, you were a fragment
Of Gneius Pompeys, besides what hotter hours,
Unregistered in vulgar fame, you have
Luxuriously picked out. For I am sure,
Though you can guess what temperance should be,
You know not what it is.

ANTONY

You were a cold crumb on dead Julius Caesars plate when I met you. No, you were one of Gneius Pompeys leftoversnot to mention your other, more depraved affairs, which have somehow managed to avoid becoming the subject of vulgar gossip. For Im sure that although you may know what temperance is, youve never experienced it firsthand.

CLEOPATRA

Wherefore is this?

CLEOPATRA

Why are you doing this?

ANTONY

125 To let a fellow that will take rewards
And say God quit you! be familiar with
My playfellow, your hand, this kingly seal
And plighter of high hearts! Oh, that I were
Upon the hill of Basan, to outroar
130 The hornd herd! For I have savage cause,
And to proclaim it civilly were like
A haltered neck which does the hangman thank
For being yare about him.

ANTONY

To let a servant be familiar with my little toy, your handa hand that has signed royal treaties and pledged your love to meoh, if only I were standing on the hill of

Basan

home to herds of bulls (traditional symbols of men with adulterous wives), according to the Bible

Basan
, so that I could roar louder than that horned herd! For I have been savagely abused, and to state my grievances politely would be as absurd as a condemned criminal thanking the hangman for doing his job quickly.
Enter a SERVANT with THIDIAS
A SERVANT enters with THIDIAS .
Is he whipped?
Has he been whipped?

SERVANT

Soundly, my lord.

SERVANT

Soundly, my lord.

ANTONY

135 Cried he? And begged he pardon?

ANTONY

Did he cry? Did he beg my pardon?

SERVANT

He did ask favor.

SERVANT

He did ask for mercy.

ANTONY

(toTHIDIAS) If that thy father live, let him repent
Thou wast not made his daughter, and be thou sorry
To follow Caesar in his triumph, since
Thou hast been whipped for following him. Henceforth
The white hand of a lady fever thee;
Shake thou to look on t. Get thee back to Caesar.
Tell him thy entertainment. Look thou say
He makes me angry with him, for he seems
145 Proud and disdainful, harping on what I am,
Not what he knew I was. He makes me angry,
And at this time most easy tis to do t,
When my good stars, that were my former guides,
Have empty left their orbs and shot their fires
150 Into th abysm of hell. If he mislike
My speech and what is done, tell him he has
Hipparchus, my enfranchd bondman, whom
He may at pleasure whip, or hang, or torture,
As he shall like, to quit me. Urge it thou.
155 Hence with thy stripes, begone!

ANTONY

(toTHIDIAS) If your father is alive, let him be sorry you werent born a daughter. And you should be sorry to follow Caesar in his triumphal parade, since you have been whipped for following him. From now on, you should tremble and grow feverish whenever you see the white hand of a lady. Get yourself back to Caesar. Tell him how youve been treated. Be sure you tell him he makes me angry with him, because he seems proud and disdainful, harping on what I am now rather than what he knows. He makes me angryand thats easy to do right now, now that my lucky stars have abandoned me. If he doesnt like what Ive said or done, remind him that he holds Hipparchus, a slave I freed. He may whip, or hang, or torture him as he pleases. Then we will be even. Recommend that to him. Take your whipping scars and go.
Exit THIDIAS THIDIAS exits.

CLEOPATRA

Have you done yet?

CLEOPATRA

Are you done yet?

ANTONY

Alack, our terrene moon is now eclipsed,
And it portends alone the fall of Antony.

ANTONY

You, my earthly moon, are now eclipsed, and that alone foretells my ruin.

CLEOPATRA

(aside) I must stay his time.

CLEOPATRA

(aside) I must wait for him to finish his tirade.

ANTONY

To flatter Caesar, would you mingle eyes
160 With one that ties his points?

ANTONY

In order to flatter Caesar, would you flirt with the servant who laces up his pants?

CLEOPATRA

Not know me yet?

CLEOPATRA

Dont you know me still?

ANTONY

Coldhearted toward me?

ANTONY

Has your heart cooled toward me?

CLEOPATRA

Ah, dear, if I be so,
From my cold heart let heaven engender hail,
And poison it in the source, and the first stone
Drop in my neck. As it determines, so
165 Dissolve my life! The next Caesarion smite,
Till by degrees the memory of my womb,
Together with my brave Egyptians all,
By the discandying of this pelleted storm
Lie graveless till the flies and gnats of Nile
170 Have buried them for prey!

CLEOPATRA

Ah, dear, if that is true, let heaven make poisonous hail grow from my heart, and let the first hailstone drop down my throat. As it dissolves, so shall my life. The next hailstone should hit Caesarion, until one by one all my children, and every one of my brave Egyptians, are killed by the dissolving of this pellet storm and lie unburied, covered by gnats and flies.

ANTONY

I am satisfied.
Caesar sits down in Alexandria, where
I will oppose his fate. Our force by land
Hath nobly held. Our severed navy too
Have knit again, and fleet, threatning most sealike.
Where hast thou been, my heart? Dost thou hear, lady?
If from the field I shall return once more
To kiss these lips, I will appear in blood.
I and my sword will earn our chronicle.
Theres hope in t yet.

ANTONY

I am satisfied. Caesar has made camp in Alexandria. I will fight him there. Our land forces have bravely stood firm. Our tattered navy has reassembled and set sail, as formidable as the sea itself. Where have you been, my bravery? Do you hear what I say, lady? If I come back from the battlefield again to kiss those lips, Ill be covered in blood. My sword and I will earn our place in history. We still have hope.

CLEOPATRA

180 Thats my brave lord!

CLEOPATRA

Thats my brave lord!

ANTONY

I will be treble-sinewed, -hearted, -breathed,
And fight maliciously. For when mine hours
Were nice and lucky, men did ransom lives
Of me for jests; but now Ill set my teeth
185 And send to darkness all that stop me. Come,
Lets have one other gaudy night. Call to me
All my sad captains. Fill our bowls once more.
Lets mock the midnight bell.

ANTONY

Ill be triple the soldier I was in strength, bravery, and stamina. Ill fight brutally. In the days when I had better luck, prisoners of war could buy their freedoms from me with simple trinkets. But now Ill grit my teeth and kill anyone who tries to stop me. Come, lets have one more extravagant night. Invite all my sad captains. Fill our wine bowls again. Lets drink through midnight.

CLEOPATRA

It is my birthday.
I had thought t have held it poor; but since my lord
190 Is Antony again, I will be Cleopatra.

CLEOPATRA

Its my birthday. I had planned to celebrate it quietly, but since my lord is once more himself, I will be Cleopatra again.

ANTONY

We will yet do well.

ANTONY

Well win yet.

CLEOPATRA

(toENOBARBUS) Call all his noble captains to my lord.

CLEOPATRA

(toENOBARBUS) Call all my lords noble captains to him.

ANTONY

Do so. Well speak to them, and tonight Ill force
The wine peep through their scars.Come on, my Queen,
Theres sap in t yet. The next time I do fight
Ill make Death love me, for I will contend
Even with his pestilent scythe.

ANTONY

Do so. Ill speak to them, and then tonight Ill get them all so drunk that the wine seeps out of their old war wounds. Come on, my Queen. Theres still life in our cause. The next time I fight, Ill make Death love me. Ill compete even with his fatal scythe.
Exeunt all but ENOBARBUS Everyone except ENOBARBUS exits.

ENOBARBUS

Now hell outstare the lightning. To be furious
Is to be frighted out of fear, and in that mood
The dove will peck the estridge; and I see still
A diminution in our captains brain
Restores his heart. When valor preys on reason,
It eats the sword it fights with. I will seek
Some way to leave him.

ENOBARBUS

Now hell work himself up to a fury. Rage scares away a mans fear. In that state, a dove will attack an ostrich. I have always noticed that when my captains reason is diminished, his bravery increases. When courage consumes reason, it destroys its only weapon. Ill look for some way to leave his service.
Exit He exits.