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Philosophical Themes, Arguments, and Ideas
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1. What is Socrates doing when Hippocrates tells him that Protagoras is in Athens?
Talking to Hippias
2. Who tries to bar Socrates from entering Callias's house?
3. What does Socrates's friend accuse Socrates of doing at the start of the dialogue?
Perverting the youth of Athens
Arguing like a Sophist
4. Who supports Protagoras's right to answer at as much length as he desires?
5. Socrates compares the relation of the parts of virtue to each other as being similar to two things. Which are they?
The parts of an animal and the parts of a city
The parts of a face and the parts of a body
The parts of a house and the parts of Alcibiades
The parts of a face the parts of gold
6. Protagoras says that any two things bear some resemblance to each other, and gives an extreme example. What is this example?
Black and white
Justice and holiness
Courage and cowardice
Socrates and Protagoras
7. Protagoras attacks Socrates's argument that courage is wisdom by presenting a ridiculous parallel argument. What two things does he argue are identical?
Justice and strength
Love and politics
Courage and stamina
Wisdom and strength
8. What is not considered by Protagoras and Socrates as an aspect of virtue?
9. What is Socrates's argument against the interpretation of poetry as a method of philosophy?
It is impossible to determine precisely what the poet means
The beauty of a poem distracts from the ability to think critically
Poets can distort morality without our being aware of it
Poetry is best enjoyed with wine, flute-playing and dancing-girls
10. What does Simonides's poem criticize Pittacus for stating?
That it is hard to be good
That it is hard to become good
That only the gods can be good
That all good things are knowledge
11. Who is chosen as the chairman of the discussion after Socrates and Protagoras's dialogue breaks down?
12. Socrates argues that it is impossible to be overcome by pleasure. What is his reason?
Pleasure has no power over our decisions
He can think of no cases in history where this has happened
Pleasure is the only motivating factor in life
If we do what we want, we have not been overcome by anything
13. Why do people behave badly according to Socrates?
They are ignorant
They are evil
There is no objective measure of good and bad to regulate their behavior
They have been influenced by the Sophists
14. Which city-state does Socrates ironically assert is famous for its Sophists?
15. At the end of the dialogue, what reason does Socrates give for having stayed to argue?
His respect for Protagoras
His respect for Callias
His desire to discover what virtue is
His desire to impress Hippocrates
16. According to Socrates, what should be tested in a discussion besides the truth?
The views of the majority of citizens
The method of discussion
17. What reason does Socrates give for requiring shorter responses from Protagoras?
Alcibiades is bored by long speeches
Protagoras is mystifying the listeners with rhetoric
His memory is too poor to follow long answers
Short answers are more respected amongst Sophists
18. Which occupation does Protagoras not say is a kind of sophistry?
19. In Protagoras's creation story, where does Prometheus get the fire and crafts he gives to humanity?
He steals them from Hephaestus and Athena
Zeus gives them to him
He steals them from Hera and Hermes
He invents them himself
20. According to Protagoras, what is the purpose of rational punishment?
21. Why does Hippocrates learn about Protagoras's arrival in Athens two days after Socrates learns about it?
He has been staying with a friend in Thessaly
He has been engrossed in a long discussion with Euthyphro
He has only just returned from Sparta
He has been chasing his boy, Satyrus, who had run away
22. Why did Zeus distribute the civic arts to humanity, according to Socrates?
So that humans would be safe from attacks by wild animals
To ensure that humans would live justly and honorably
So that humans could worship the gods better
Because he wanted to see what kind of cities humans would build
23. Who does Socrates claim he is a disciple of?
24. Why does Socrates claim he can learn more from Protagoras than from Pericles?
Protagoras is more virtuous than Pericles
Protagoras is a professional teacher
Protagoras can both give a long speech and answer question about it afterwards
Protagoras composes his own speeches and also those of Pericles
25. How does Socrates feel after Protagoras criticizes the poem by Simonides?
Blind and dizzy, as if he had been hit
Outraged that Protagoras would criticize one of his favorite poets
Annoyed that he now has to talk about poetry
Happy, because he knows he can disprove Protagoras' interpretation
Protagoras: Popular pages
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