Important People, Terms, and Events
April 22, 1870:
·Birth of Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, later known as Lenin,
in the Russian city of Simbirsk.
March 13, 1881:
·Assassination of Tsar Alexander II.
January 24, 1886:
·Death of Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov, Lenin's father.
May 20, 1887:
·Alexander Ulyanov, Lenin's brother, hanged in St.
December 17, 1887:
·Lenin arrested in student protest at Kazan University,
later expelled from the University.
·Lenin passes law examination as external student at
St. Petersburg University.
·Lenin goes abroad for the first time, meets Plekhanov.
December 21, 1895:
·Lenin arrested by the Tsar's police.
·Lenin exiled to Siberia for three years.
·Social Democratic Party, first Russian Marxist party,
founded in Minsk.
July 22, 1898:
·Lenin marries Nadezhda Krupskaya in Shushenskoe, Siberia.
February 10, 1900:
·Lenin's exile ends, and he returns to St. Petersburg.
·Lenin travels to Western Europe.
·First issue of Iskra published in
·Publication of Lenin's What Is To Be Done?
·Second Congress of Social Democrats in Brussels and
London; Bolshevik-Menshevik split emerges for the first time.
·Outbreak of Russo-Japanese War
January 22, 1905:
·"Bloody Sunday" in St. Petersburg, beginning of 1905
·Third Congress in London; Lenin dominates.
October 30, 1905:
·Nicholas II issues "October Manifesto," promising
civil liberties and a democratically elected "Duma."
·Lenin returns to Russia.
·Lenin in Finland for a Bolshevik conference, where
he meets Stalin for the first time.
·Lenin returns to Western Europe, settles in Switzerland
·Lenin moves to Paris, meets Inessa Armand.
·Split with Mensheviks becomes official, Bolsheviks
form their own party.
·Lenin moves to Krakow in Austrian Poland.
·Lenin settles in Polish village of Poronin.
·Outbreak of World War I (1914-1918); Lenin leaves
Poland for Switzerland.
March 8, 1917:
·Beginning of Revolution in St. Petersburg.
March 15, 1917:
·Nicholas II abdicates, Provisional Government formed.
·Lenin takes "sealed train" through Germany back to
April 16-17, 1917:
·Lenin reaches St. Petersburg/Petrograd, issues "April
Theses" advocating overthrow of Provisional Government.
July 17, 1917:
·Attempted Bolshevik coup in Petrograd ("July Days");
Lenin goes into hiding.
July 24, 1917:
·Kerensky becomes Prime Minister.
November 6-7, 1917:
·Bolsheviks seize power, Kerensky flees.
December 15, 1917:
·Temporary armistice signed with Germany.
·White armies begin to form in the Ukraine, beginning
of civil war.
January 18, 1918:
·Constituent Assembly convenes, and is forcibly broken
up by Bolsheviks.
March 3, 1918:
·Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed with Germany, ending
Russia's involvement in World War I.
March 13, 1918:
·Trotsky appointed People's Commissar for War, takes
charge of the Red Army.
·Allied forces land in Murmansk, Archangel, and Vladivostok.
July 17, 1918:
·Murder of Nicholas II and his family in Ekaterinburg.
August 30, 1918:
·Assassination attempt on Lenin by Fanya Kaplan.
·Official beginning of the Red Terror when Lenin orders
the Red troops to begin taking hostages. White armies driven back
along the Volga.
·End of World War I in Western Europe.
·First concentration camps established in Russia.
April 26, 1920:
·Poland invades Russia.
·Poles driven back to Warsaw by Red Army.
September 24, 1920:
·Inessa Armand dies.
·Evacuation of the last White forces across the Black
·Famine in Russia, nearly 5 million die.
·Military uprising on Kronstadt Island.
March 8, 1921:
·Tenth Party Congress in Moscow, Lenin announces New Economic
·Stalin appointed General Secretary of the Communist
May 26, 1922:
·Lenin suffers first stroke.
·Lenin convalesces at Gorki.
December 16, 1922:
·Lenin suffers second stroke.
·Lenin dictates his "Testament", warning against Stalin.
March 10, 1923:
·Lenin suffers his third stroke, loses the power of
January 21, 1924:
January 27, 1924:
·Lenin's embalmed body installed in Red Square mausoleum.