Napoleon Bonaparte

Biography
Summary

Timeline

Summary Timeline
August 15, 1769: ·Napoleon Bonaparte born in Ajaccio, Corsica.
May 17, 1779: ·Napoleon begins study at the royal military academy
October 17, 1784: ·Enrolls in the Ecole Militaire
October 28, 1785: ·Graduates from Ecole Militaire with the rank of second lieutenant in the artillery.
November 3, 1785: ·Stationed in Valence
July 14, 1789: ·Paris mob storms the Bastille
May-October, 1792: ·While in Paris with his regiment, Napoleon witnesses the storming of the Tuileries Palace and the dethroning of the French King, Louis XVI.
June 13, 1793: ·Accused of being too pro-French, Napoleon and his family flee their household in Corsica
December 22, 1793: ·For his courage at an internal French battle at Toulon, Napoleon receives the new rank of brigadier general
August 9-20, 1794: ·Napoleon is imprisoned under suspicion of being a Jacobin and a supporter of Robespierre
June 13, 1795: ·Napoleon is promoted to General of the Army of the West
October 5, 1795: ·The government assigns Napoleon the task of suppressing civil strife and rebellion against the Republic
October 15, 1785: ·At the home of Paul Francois Barras, a Directory member, Napoleon meets Rose de Beauharnais (Josephine)
October 16, 1785: ·Barras helps Napoleon win promotion to Commander of the Army of the Interior
March 2, 1786: ·Napoleon is given command of the French army in Italy
March 9, 1796: ·Napoleon marries Josephine
March 11, 1796: ·Italian campaign against Austria begins
May 10, 1796: ·Napoleon wins the Battle of Lodi
November 17, 1796: ·Napoleon wins the Battle of Arcole
January 14, 1797: ·Napoleon wins the Battle of Rivoli
October 17, 1797: ·Napoleon draws up the Treaty of Campo-Formio with Austria
December 5, 1797: ·He returns to Paris a hero
May 19, 1798: ·Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign
July 2, 1798: ·Fall of Alexandria
July 21, 1798: ·Wins Battle of the Pyramids against Mamelukes in Egypt
July 24, 1798: ·Fall of Cairo
August 1, 1798: ·Under the command of Admiral Nelson, the British fleet destroys the French navy in the Battle of Aboukir
August 23, 1799: ·Receiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon returns to Paris
November 9-10, 1799: ·Following a coup d'etat, Napoleon becomes First Consul of the new French government
February 19, 1800: ·Sets up a household in Tuileries Palace
May 20, 1800: ·Napoleon leads his army across the Alps in the Second Italian Campaign
June 14, 1800: ·Wins Battle of Marengo against Austria
February 9, 1800: ·Treaty with Austria signed at Luneville
July 15, 1801: ·Signing of the Concordat between France and Rome ends schism between the French government and the Catholic Church
December 24, 1801: ·Napoleon escapes an assassination attempt
March 25, 1802: ·Treaty of Amiens signed with Britain
May 1, 1802: ·Napoleon restructures French educational system
August 4, 1802: ·New constitution adopted, making Napoleon First Consul for life
May 3, 1803: ·France sells Louisiana territory to U.S.
May 16, 1803: ·England violates Treaty of Amiens
May 18, 1804: ·Senate proclaims Napoleon Emperor
December 2, 1804: ·Napoleon crowns himself Emperor in Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris
March 17, 1805: ·Napoleon is crowned king of Italy in Milan
October 21, 1805: ·The Battle of Trafalgar marks yet another naval defeat to the British under the command of Admiral Nelson
December 2, 1805: ·Victory in the Battle of Austerlitz against Austria and Russia
March 30, 1806: ·Napoleon names his brother, Joseph Bonaparte, king of Naples, and appoints other family members to various other posts
June 14, 1807: ·Defeats the Russians at the Battle of Friedland
July 7, 1807: ·Czar Alexander I makes peace with Napoleon in the Treaty of Tilsit
July 22, 1807: ·Napoleon creates the Grand Duchy of Warsaw (Poland), to be overseen by France
November 30, 1807: ·Beginning of French occupation of Portugal
February 20, 1808: ·Napoleon sends the French marshal Joachim Murat to lead an army in Spain
May 2, 1808: ·Unsuccessful Spanish revolt against French army under Murat
June 4, 1808: ·Napoleon names Joseph Bonaparte King of Spain, and Murat King of Naples
December 15, 1809: ·Divorces Josephine
April 2, 1810: ·Marries Marie-Louise, Archduchess of Austria
March 20, 1811: ·Napoleon's son born, referred to as the "King of Rome"
June 24, 1812: ·Russian Campaign begins
September 14, 1812: ·Grand Army enters Moscow to find the city abandoned and set aflame by the inhabitants; retreating in the midst of a frigid winter, the army suffers devastating losses
December 18, 1812: ·Napoleon returns to Paris
March 17, 1813: ·Prussia declares war on France
June 21, 1813: ·The French fall to Spain in the Battle of Vitoria
January 1814: ·Anti-French coalition army enters France
March 30-31, 1814: ·Paris falls
April 2, 1814: ·Senate proclaims end of the Empire; Napoleon's wife and son flee Paris.
April 4, 1814: ·Napoleon abdicates his rule and Louis XVIII, a Bourbon, is restored to the French throne
May 4, 1814: ·Napoleon is exiled to Elba; his wife and son take refuge in Vienna
March 1, 1815: ·Escaping Elba, Napoleon returns in South France
March 7, 1815: ·Napoleon rallies the French army
March 20, 1815: ·Louis XVIII flees, Napoleon takes control, begins "Hundred Days" campaign
June 18, 1815: ·Defeated in the Battle of Waterloo by the British and Prussians, led by Wellington and Blucher
June 22, 1815: ·Abdicates for the second time
October 16, 1815: ·Napoleon is exiled to Saint Helena
March 5, 1821: ·Napoleon dies

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