Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 16, 2023
December 9, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
Cal’s father Milton sacrifices his Greek heritage almost entirely in order to reach higher echelons of privilege through business success. In this way, he becomes a cautionary tale of forgetting one’s roots in pursuit of mainstream acceptance. Milton’s focus on obtaining money and success by American standards crystallizes when he moves the family to Grosse Pointe, a wealthy neighborhood prestigious in part because of its attempt to keep immigrant families out. Though Grosse Pointe realtors effectively stonewall Milton’s house hunt by showing him only undesirable homes on the edge of the neighborhood, he is so devoted to achieving his view of success that he pays cash for an unusual property without consulting his wife or family. Milton sides with the US in its support of Turkey in the Turkish war with Greece, and in doing so, he alienates life-long friends. But for Milton, siding with Greece would mean speaking ill of the United States, which he is loath to do, as he identifies as American first and foremost. By the end of the novel, Milton’s primary expression of his Greekness comes in a commodified fashion, through material objects like his cufflinks and the branding of Hercules Hot Dogs. This commodification plays into American capitalism, rendering it non-threatening to the mainstream. Although Milton initially goes after Callie’s “kidnapper” out of fatherly love, the car chase that ultimately kills him is solely in reckless pursuit of retrieving the ransom money, symbolizing the destructiveness of single-mindedly pursuing capitalist wealth.