Full title   The House of the Seven Gables

Author  Nathaniel Hawthorne

Type of work  Novel, romance

Genre  Satire, horror novel, moral fable

Language  American English

Time and place written   1850–1851; Lenox, Massachusetts

Date of first publication   1851

Publisher  James T. Fields

Narrator  Third-person omniscient

Point of view  Mostly told by third-person narrator, who occasionally ventures inside the perspective of Clifford, Hepzibah, Holgrave, or Phoebe.

Tone  Varies between a straightforward narration of the facts and the narrator’s gloomy, often sarcastic take on a number of issues and characters. The narrator relies heavily on village gossip for the story and hesitates to identify most “facts” as true.

Tense  Immediate past

Setting (time)   1850s

Setting (place)  A town like those found in the county of Essex, Massachusetts.

Protagonists  Hepzibah Pyncheon, Phoebe Pyncheon, Clifford Pyncheon, Holgrave

Major conflict Judge Pyncheon tries to coerce Clifford into giving him information regarding their uncle’s missing inheritance. Since Judge Pyncheon embodies the dogged ambition and greed that has characterized the Pyncheon family, his persecution of Clifford and Hepzibah plays out in microcosm their battle against the entire Pyncheon legacy.

Rising action  The Judge order Hepzibah to summon Clifford; Hepzibah fearfully goes to find Clifford

Climax  Judge Pyncheon dies of apoplexy before he can interrogate Clifford. The Judge’s death effectively ends the curse of the Pyncheons.

Falling action  Clifford and Hepzibah flee the house; Holgrave and Phoebe find the Judge’s body; all the protagonists leave the house of the seven gables for good

Themes  The sins of one generation are visited on the next; the deceptiveness of appearances; class status in New England

Motifs  Decay; mesmerism; the Judge’s smile

Symbols  The house; the portrait of Colonel Pyncheon; the chickens

Foreshadowing  The manner in which Judge Pyncheon is constantly compared to his ancestor Colonel Pyncheon foreshadows that the Judge will not be as pleasant as he seems, and hints at his death from apoplexy.