Gammon, Samuel Rhea, Jr. The Presidential Campaign of 1832. Baltimore: John Hopkins Press, 1922

James, Marquis. Andrew Jackson: Portrait of a President. New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1937.

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson: the Course of American Empire, 1767–1821. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.

–––. Andrew Jackson: the Course of American Freedom, 1822–1832. New York: Harper & Row, 1981.

–––. Andrew Jackson: the Course of American Democracy, 1833–1845. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.

–––. The Legacy of Andrew Jackson: Essays on Democracy, Indian Removal, and Slavery. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

Wallace, Anthony F.C. and Eric Foner, eds. The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians. New York: Hill & Wang Publishers, 1993.

Ward, John William. Andrew Jackson: Symbol for an Age. New York: Oxford University Press, 1955.

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