Narrowly beat Jackson for the Presidency in 1824 in a run-off vote in the House of Representatives, a leader in the National Republican Party. Elected to the House by Massachusetts in 1830 following his reelection loss to Jackson after the grueling and nasty campaign of 1828.
Democratic U.S. Senator from Missouri, who often led Jackson's party in Congress, especially the attack on the Second Bank of the United States
The leader of one of the two political parties in Jackson's Tennessee, and Jackson's mentor through his early days of politics. The Blount party helped Jackson get elected to the House, the Senate and eventually the Presidency.
The director of the Second Bank of the United States during Jackson's Presidency.
Jackson's closest ally and confident through his Presidency, and eventual Vice President during Jackson's second term. Van Buren's bid to be minister to Britain was voted down as part of the Nullification Crisis. Jackson later endorsed him for President in 1836 and Van Buren won easily.
Jackson's Vice President for his first term. Calhoun had been added to the ticket to form a coalition that could defeat John Quincy Adams. Calhoun later led the fight in his home state to nullify "unfair" tariffs, in what came to be known as the Nullification Crisis. Calhoun also broke the tie vote against the appointment of Martin Van Buren as minister to Britain.
Jackson's main opponent in the Senate throughout his Presidency, ran for President against Jackson in 1824 (finishing last behind Jackson, John Quincy Adams and William H. Crawford) and again in 1832, losing to Jackson.
The third runner-up in the disputed election of 1824.
Jackson's mother; she died during the Revolutionary War from cholera while tending to American prisoners.
Jackson's oldest brother, who died of heat exhaustion following the Battle of Stono Ferry in South Carolina during the Revolutionary War.
Jackson's other brother, who died of infections and small pox received while he and Andrew Jackson were British prisoners of war.
Jackson's wife. His marriage to her while she was still technically married to her first husband caused Jackson numerous scandals through his political career.
nickname given to Jackson by his troops because he was "as strong as hickory."
A war hero and the leader of the main Tennessee opposition party to Jackson's William Blount party. Jackson eventually defeated him to be major general of the state militia.
Jackson's nominee to be secretary of the treasury (which failed due to the debate over the Second Bank of the United States. Jackson later appointed him chief justice of the Supreme Court.