Please wait while we process your payment
If you don't see it, please check your spam folder. Sometimes it can end up there.
Don’t have an account?
Create Your Account
Sign up for your FREE 7-day trial
Already have an account? Log in
Choose Your Plan
$4.99/month + tax
$24.99/year + tax
Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan!
for a group?
Get Annual Plans at a discount when you buy 2 or more!
$18.74 /subscription + tax
Subtotal $37.48 + tax
on 2-49 accounts
on 50-99 accounts
Want 100 or more?
for a customized plan.
You'll be billed after your free trial ends.
7-Day Free Trial
Renews December 8, 2023
December 1, 2023
Discounts (applied to next billing)
This is not a valid promo code.
(one code per order)
Annual Plan - Group Discount
SparkNotes Plus subscription is $4.99/month or $24.99/year as selected above. The free trial period is the first 7 days of your subscription. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at email@example.com. Your subscription will continue automatically once the free trial period is over. Free trial is available to new customers only.
For the next 7 days, you'll have access to awesome PLUS stuff like AP English test prep, No Fear Shakespeare translations and audio, a note-taking tool, personalized dashboard, & much more!
You’ve successfully purchased a group discount. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. You'll also receive an email with the link.
Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership.
Thanks for creating a SparkNotes account! Continue to start your free trial.
Your PLUS subscription has expired
See discount terms and conditions.
Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts.
Dowell compares the intimacy of the two couples to a "minuet," a dance with four beats to a measure, which occurs in perfect synchrony. For the nine years of their friendship, he considers them to have moved unanimously together, without thought or signal, but with similar taste and inclination. He considers a minuet to be a symbol of their relationship because it is regular and orderly, music "good people" might listen to. But the minuet, he reconsiders, is not permanent or stable; it is a prison. It is false because it arbitrarily binds them to a pattern that, in reality, they do not fit. Though it may sound good and appear stable, the "minuet" is a mere mask of the cacophany of "screaming hysterics" beneath. It symbolizes the fraudulent stability of their seemingly normal existence.
The scene when the Dowells and the Ashburnhams visit Martin Luther's Protest is the same scene in which Florence first makes advances toward Edward. Happy to be the teacher, Florence explains to the group that this piece of paper is what separates the "honest, sober, and industrious" from people like the Irish, Italians, and Poles. As she says this, she lays one finger upon Captain Ashburnham's wrist, and Dowell feels something "treacherous" and "evil" in the day. Martin Luther's Protest is symbolic here because it parallels Florence's own protest. By making advances toward Edward, Florence protests the rules of marriage and challenges a sexually submissive role for women. Just as Martin Luther's Protest separates two groups of people, so Florence's protest strongly divides she and Edward from Dowell and Leonora.
"Shuttlecocks" is the only word that Nancy Rufford, in her state of madness, can say. Morbidly amusing, such an outburst signifies the way that she is bounced back and forth between Edward and Leonora. But she is not the only character who feels like a shuttlecock. Edward and Leonora also consider themselves to be tossed around by the other characters. "Shuttlecocks" is a symbol for the way each person is flippantly thrown about by fate, by society, and by other people. It is the real manifestation of utter disorientation in a world that has arbitrary means of establishing right and wrong.
Ace your assignments with our guide to The Good Soldier!