The notion of this generational gap also feeds into Jing-mei’s anxieties about replacing her mother in the club. To take her mother’s place in the Joy Luck Club is to enact an important ritual, and to carry on the memory of what was begun in China and resurrected in America. It is to sustain a piece of her mother’s past in her own present. Suyuan created the Joy Luck Club in Kweilin because she wanted to reaffirm, or create, a sense of gladness, belonging, and order, even in the midst of complete uncertainty and turmoil. In America, the club has served a similar purpose, and also helped Suyuan and the other members feel a sense of continuity between their old and new cultures. For Suyuan, the club was a symbol of hope and of strength, and a means of asserting identity amidst change. Jing-mei wonders whether she can uphold her mother’s memory and identity, whether she is strong enough to carry her mother’s hopes into the future. Jing-mei’s guilty remarks about not having met her mother’s expectations that she would finish college and find a well-paying career suggest that she fears that, in some way, she already represents the failure of Suyuan’s dreams.